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We used [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose/positron emission tomography (18F-FDG/PET) and a statistical model of regional covariation to study brain topographic organization in parkinsonism. We studied 22 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), 20 age-matched normal volunteers, and 10 age- and severity-matched patients with presumed striatonigral degeneration (SND).(More)
Regional and global metabolic rates for glucose were estimated using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose and positron emission tomography in 10 patients with a clinical likelihood of striatonigral degeneration (2 men and 8 women; mean age, 61.8 +/- 6.9 years; mean disease duration, 4.7 +/- 2.2 years; mean Hoehn and Yahr score, 3.5 +/- 0.8). Measures of brain glucose(More)
The authors have developed a technique to estimate input functions from a population-based arterial blood curve in positron emission tomography (PET) studies with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). A standardized pump injection was used in 34 subjects. A population-based blood curve was generated based on the first 10 subjects. In the remaining 24(More)
UNLABELLED Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and PET have been used to identify an abnormal regional metabolic covariance pattern in Parkinson's disease (PD). To examine the potential use of this covariance pattern as a metabolic imaging marker for PD, we describe the Topographic Profile Rating (TPR), which is a method for calculating subject scores for(More)
The reticuloendothelial system, including the spleen, subserves important immunologic functions. Loss of splenic function results in an increased incidence of severe bacterial infections and is accompanied by thrombocytosis. Several nephrotic children were noted to have remarkably high platelet counts and predisposition to bacterial infection with(More)
Scintiangiography of xiphopagus conjoined twins following sequential i.v. injection of Tc-99m sulfur colloid revealed the size, configuration, and anatomic point of fusion of the twins' common liver prior to surgery. Cross circulation was determined to be non-significant by this approach. The technique is presented, compared to other methods, and the(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate our experience with so-called total thyroidectomy. Fifty cases (the retrospective group) had been operated on before the start of the study and had been on thyroid replacement therapy; this was discontinued, thyroid-stimulating hormone was administered, and iodine-131 studies were performed. Ninety cases (the(More)
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is gaining popularity as an alternative to standard open cholecystectomy. At our institution, approximately 400 laparoscopic cholecystectomies have been performed since May 1989. The frequency of major postoperative complications has been approximately 1.5% (6 out of 400 cases). The most common complications have been biliary(More)
The Scan Analysis and Visualization Processor (Scan/VP), a flexible, portable, Unix-based software package for visualizing and analyzing positron emission tomography (PET) images in a clinical-research setting, is described. PET systems are compared to computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems. The imaging and software(More)