Donald Malec

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We designed a ventilation-perfusion index (VQI) to estimate venous admixture (Qsp/Qt) in a real-time fashion by simultaneous pulse and pulmonary artery oximetry in 17 patients with acute respiratory failure. Changes in Qsp/Qt were produced by altering the level of continuous positive airway pressure. VQI correlated well with Qsp/Qt (r=0.78). This contrasts(More)
We studied the theoretical basis for continuous monitoring of pulmonary gas exchange using arterial and mixed venous oximetry by examining the mathematical relationships between the calculated venous admixture (Qsp/Qt) and the ventilation-perfusion index, which is derived from oxyhemoglobin saturations. We compared this relationship with that between Qsp/Qt(More)
Between April 1984 and August 1984, a national survey, the Ross Laboratories Infant Nutrition Survey, was undertaken to assess patterns of food consumption of American infants ranging in age from 6.5 months to 13.4 months. Nutrient intakes of 865 infants were evaluated according to different foods (milk and milk products, non-iron-fortified formula,(More)
In a regulatory environment, the regulators and the regulated may not be able to agree on the use of subjective prior information for a clinical trial. The use of a data-based prior offers a greater possibility for agreement, however, the degree of importance given to the prior data may still be contentious. The use of a hierarchical model to link the prior(More)
The synthetic estimation approach currently in use for estimating net coverage error in the U.S. Census is evaluated using random effects models. The synthetic estimates from the 2000 Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation (ACE) Revision II are evaluated in two parts. First, a model is used, which produces the synthetic estimate components and, second, the model(More)
Total body oxygen utilization coefficient was estimated using continuous pulse and pulmonary artery oximetry (dual oximetry) in 17 patients with respiratory failure. Change in arterial and mixed venous oxygen saturations was induced by altering airway pressure. Continuous measurement of mixed venous oxygen saturation provided an accurate and linear estimate(More)
Although both surveys and clinical trials are amenable to Bayesian hierarchical modelling, the general aims, constraints and actual analysis of each can often vary considerably. First, examples are presented showing how Bayesian hierarchical modelling can be used to produce estimates for small areas from survey data and, also, how it can be used to combine(More)
In order to reduce variance and correct for coverage of ACS estimates, there is a desire for controlling estimates of demographic characteristics at the tract level. Currently, intercensal population controls are based on “usual residence” and are not available at the tract level, while the ACS produces estimates at the tract level that are based on(More)