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Glioblastomas are highly vascular malignant brain tumors that often overexpress vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). They also frequently overexpress epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and contain regions of hypoxia, both conditions that can induce VEGF. We examined VEGF regulation in U87 MG human glioblastoma cells and in U87/T691 cells, a(More)
A goal of molecular genetics is to understand the relationship between basic nuclear processes, epigenetic changes and the numerous proteins that orchestrate these effects. One such protein, ATRX, contains a highly conserved plant homeodomain (PHD)-like domain, present in many chromatin-associated proteins, and a carboxy-terminal domain which identifies it(More)
Recent evidence supports the notion that transformation of undifferentiated neural stem cell (NSC) precursors may contribute to the development of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The over-expression and mutation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), along with other cellular pathway mutations, plays a significant role in GBM maintenance(More)
PURPOSE To develop and retrospectively determine the accuracy of a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging strategy to differentiate intraaxial brain masses, with histologic findings or clinical diagnosis as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was HIPAA compliant and was approved by the institutional review board. A waiver of informed consent(More)
Several growth factors and cytokines, including EGF, are known to induce tyrosine phosphorylation of Signal Regulatory Proteins (SIRPs). Consistent with the idea that increased phosphorylation activates SIRP function, we overexpressed human SIRPalpha1 in U87MG glioblastoma cells in order to examine how SIRPalpha1 modulates EGFR signaling pathways.(More)
SHP-2 is a ubiquitously expressed non-transmembrane tyrosine phosphatase with two SH2 domains. Multiple reverse-genetic studies have indicated that SHP-2 is a required component for organ and animal development. SHP-2 wild-type and homozygous mutant mouse fibroblast cells in which the N-terminal SH2 domain was target-deleted were used to examine the(More)
In human glioblastomas, the most common mutation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an in-frame deletion of an 801-bp sequence in the extracellular domain of EGFR termed EGFRvIII. The EGFRvIII does not bind ligand EGF but has constitutive tyrosine phosphorylation (pTyr) content and kinase activity that result in enhanced transformation, reduced(More)
Thioredoxin peroxidase (TPx) is an antioxidant protein that limits the activity of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We cloned the cDNA encoding the mouse homolog of TPx from an E14.5 brain cDNA library and analyzed its distribution and function in murine tissues. Comparison of the amino acid sequence of mouse TPx with those of other species revealed that TPx(More)
Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) have been investigated as potential vehicles for brain tumor therapy because they have been shown to migrate toward central nervous system gliomas and can be genetically engineered to deliver cytotoxic agents to tumors. The mechanisms that regulate migration of NPCs to tumors are not fully understood. By means of microarray(More)
Oncogenic EGFRvIII is a naturally occurring oncoprotein and is expressed in about 40-50% of human glioblastomas, particularly those that arise de novo. To understand the molecular mechanisms by which this oncoprotein alters transforming phenotypes, and since our previous work indicated that SHP-2 protein tyrosine phosphatase activity modulated EGFRvIII(More)