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Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) have been investigated as potential vehicles for brain tumor therapy because they have been shown to migrate toward central nervous system gliomas and can be genetically engineered to deliver cytotoxic agents to tumors. The mechanisms that regulate migration of NPCs to tumors are not fully understood. By means of microarray(More)
We examined the relationship of preoperative unilateral memory function and quantitative hippocampal histology in patients undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy for the treatment of complex partial seizures. Recognition memory (objects, words, figures) was assessed preoperatively for each hemisphere by the intracarotid amobarbital procedure in 23 patients(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously shown that constitutively active epidermal growth factor receptor signaling enhances the survival and motility of engrafted neural stem cells (NSCs) when transplanted into normal adult brain. In the present study, using the C17.2 NSC line stably transfected with the constitutively active epidermal growth factor receptor vIII, we(More)
Identification of the epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) mutation in glioblastoma has become increasingly relevant in the optimization of therapy. Traditionally, determination of tumor EGFRvIII-expression has relied on tissue-based diagnostics. Here, we assess the accuracy of magnetic resonance perfusion-weighted imaging (MR-PWI) in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Noninvasive grading of gliomas remains a challenge despite its important role in the prognosis and management of patients with intracranial neoplasms. In this study, we evaluated the ability of cerebral blood flow (CBF)-guided voxel-by-voxel analysis of multivoxel proton MR spectroscopic imaging ((1)H-MRSI) to differentiate low-grade(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics including tensor shape measures such as linear and planar anisotropy coefficients (CL and CP) can help differentiate glioblastomas from solitary brain metastases. Sixty-three patients with histopathologic diagnosis of glioblastomas (22 men, 16 women, mean age 58.4(More)
OBJECTIVE The AANS/CNS Section on Tumors is involved in the education of practitioners managing patients with tumors involving the nervous system. We report the results of a survey commissioned by this body to investigate how neurosurgical residents are trained in the neurosurgical oncology subspecialty. METHODS One hundred six North American training(More)
PURPOSE To augment the analysis of dynamic susceptibility contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) images to uncover unique tissue characteristics that could potentially facilitate treatment planning through a better understanding of the peritumoral region in patients with glioblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval(More)
BACKGROUND MRI characteristics of brain gliomas have been used to predict clinical outcome and molecular tumor characteristics. However, previously reported imaging biomarkers have not been sufficiently accurate or reproducible to enter routine clinical practice and often rely on relatively simple MRI measures. The current study leverages advanced image(More)