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A goal of molecular genetics is to understand the relationship between basic nuclear processes, epigenetic changes and the numerous proteins that orchestrate these effects. One such protein, ATRX, contains a highly conserved plant homeodomain (PHD)-like domain, present in many chromatin-associated proteins, and a carboxy-terminal domain which identifies it(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics including tensor shape measures such as linear and planar anisotropy coefficients (CL and CP) can help differentiate glioblastomas from solitary brain metastases. Sixty-three patients with histopathologic diagnosis of glioblastomas (22 men, 16 women, mean age 58.4(More)
Glioblastomas are highly vascular malignant brain tumors that often overexpress vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). They also frequently overexpress epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and contain regions of hypoxia, both conditions that can induce VEGF. We examined VEGF regulation in U87 MG human glioblastoma cells and in U87/T691 cells, a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Glioblastomas, brain metastases, and PCLs may have similar enhancement patterns on MR imaging, making the differential diagnosis difficult or even impossible. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a combination of DTI and DSC can assist in the differentiation of glioblastomas, solitary brain metastases, and PCLs. (More)
ATRX is a member of the SNF2 family of helicase/ATPases that is thought to regulate gene expression via an effect on chromatin structure and/or function. Mutations in the hATRX gene cause severe syndromal mental retardation associated with alpha-thalassemia. Using indirect immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy we have shown that ATRX protein is(More)
Thioredoxin peroxidase (TPx) is an antioxidant protein that limits the activity of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We cloned the cDNA encoding the mouse homolog of TPx from an E14.5 brain cDNA library and analyzed its distribution and function in murine tissues. Comparison of the amino acid sequence of mouse TPx with those of other species revealed that TPx(More)
Increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) contributes to the growth of many tumors by increasing angiogenesis. Although hypoxia is a potent inducer of VEGF, we previously showed that epidermal growth factor receptor amplification and loss of PTEN, both of which can increase phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) activity, increase VEGF(More)
In human glioblastomas, the most common mutation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an in-frame deletion of an 801-bp sequence in the extracellular domain of EGFR termed EGFRvIII. The EGFRvIII does not bind ligand EGF but has constitutive tyrosine phosphorylation (pTyr) content and kinase activity that result in enhanced transformation, reduced(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Symptomatic lateral ventricular ependymal cysts are rare. Two previous cases of this lesion have been reported in the literature. We report a third case and provide radiological and histopathological criteria for differentiating this entity from common intracranial cysts. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 43-year-old man presented with a(More)
Oncogenic EGFRvIII is a naturally occurring oncoprotein and is expressed in about 40-50% of human glioblastomas, particularly those that arise de novo. To understand the molecular mechanisms by which this oncoprotein alters transforming phenotypes, and since our previous work indicated that SHP-2 protein tyrosine phosphatase activity modulated EGFRvIII(More)