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Absorption and CD measurements of complementary oligomers and mixtures are described. The concentrations of oligomers may be estimated from absorption measurements and nearest-neighbor calculations of molar extinction coefficients. Interactions between complementary strands in mixtures can lead to obvious differences between measured CD spectra and the(More)
Prion diseases, a group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders, are characterized by the presence of the abnormal scrapie isoform of prion protein (PrP(Sc)) in affected brains. A conformational change is believed to convert the normal cellular prion protein into PrP(Sc). Detection of PrP(Sc) for diagnosis and prophylaxis is impaired because available Abs(More)
Circular dichroism (CD) spectra and melting temperature (Tm) data for five duplexes containing phosphorothioate linkages were compared with data for four unmodified duplexes to assess the effect of phosphorothioate modification on the structure and stability of DNA. DNA and DNA.RNA duplexes. Nine duplexes were formed by mixing oligomers 24 nt long in 0.15 M(More)
Noncanonical DNA structures such as G-quadruplexes might obstruct the binding of hRPA, compromising the accuracy of replication, and be a source of genomic instability. In this study, circular dichroism (CD) and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) experiments were used to show that hRPA can bind and melt nontelomeric, intramolecular DNA(More)
Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy is widely used to characterize the structures of DNA G-quadruplexes. CD bands at 200-300 nm have been empirically related to G-quadruplexes having parallel or antiparallel sugar-phosphate backbones. We propose that a more fundamental interpretation of the origin of the CD bands is in the stacking interactions of(More)
Single-stranded DNA or RNA libraries used in SELEX experiments usually include primer-annealing sequences for PCR amplification. In genomic SELEX, these fixed sequences may form base pairs with the central genomic fragments and interfere with the binding of target molecules to the genomic sequences. In this study, a method has been developed to circumvent(More)
CD spectra and difference CD spectra of four d(oligopurine).r(oligopyrimidine) and four r(oligopurine).d(oligopyrimidine) hybrid duplexes containing mixed A.T(U) and G.C base pairs were compared with the spectra of four DNA.DNA and four RNA.RNA oligomer duplexes of similar repeating sequences. The 16 duplexes were formed by mixing oligomers that were 24(More)
The constraints on combinations of nearest neighbors in nucleic acid sequences and the numbers of independent sequences needed to describe nearest-neighbor properties of oligomers and polymers are derived and summarized. It has been pointed out in previous work [D. M. Gray and I. Tinoco, Jr. (1970) Biopolymers, Vol. 9, pp. 223-244; R. F. Goldstein and A. S.(More)
Using nearest-neighbor models consisting of independent short sequence combinations of nearest neighbors (ISS models), values of thermodynamic parameters for sets of independent sequences are derived from published oligomer data for DNA.RNA hybrids [N. Sugimoto, S. Nakano, M. Katoh, A. Matsumura, H. Nakamuta, T. Ohmichi, M. Yoneyama, and M. Sasaki (1995)(More)