Donald M. Gray

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Using nearest-neighbor models consisting of independent short sequence combinations of nearest neighbors (ISS models), values of thermodynamic parameters for sets of independent sequences are derived from published oligomer data for DNA.RNA hybrids [N. Sugimoto, S. Nakano, M. Katoh, A. Matsumura, H. Nakamuta, T. Ohmichi, M. Yoneyama, and M. Sasaki (1995)(More)
To investigate potential structures of d(CGG/CCG)n that might relate to their biological function and association with triplet repeat expansion diseases (TREDs), the structure of a single-stranded (ss) oligonucleotide containing d(CCG)15 [ss(CCG)15] was examined by studies of the pH and temperature dependence of electrophoretic mobility, UV absorbance,(More)
Absorption and CD measurements of complementary oligomers and mixtures are described. The concentrations of oligomers may be estimated from absorption measurements and nearest-neighbor calculations of molar extinction coefficients. Interactions between complementary strands in mixtures can lead to obvious differences between measured CD spectra and the(More)
Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) have biological activity in treating various forms of cancer. The antisense effects of two types of 20mer ODNs, phosphorothioate-modified ODNs (S-ODNs) and S-ODNs with 12 2'-O-methyl groups (Me-S-ODNs), targeted to sites 109 and 277 of bcl-2 mRNA, were compared. Both types were at least as effective as G3139 (Genta,(More)
The constraints on combinations of nearest neighbors in nucleic acid sequences and the numbers of independent sequences needed to describe nearest-neighbor properties of oligomers and polymers are derived and summarized. It has been pointed out in previous work [D. M. Gray and I. Tinoco, Jr. (1970) Biopolymers, Vol. 9, pp. 223-244; R. F. Goldstein and A. S.(More)
Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy is widely used to characterize the structures of DNA G-quadruplexes. CD bands at 200-300 nm have been empirically related to G-quadruplexes having parallel or antiparallel sugar-phosphate backbones. We propose that a more fundamental interpretation of the origin of the CD bands is in the stacking interactions of(More)
Circular dichroism (CD) spectra and melting temperature (Tm) data for five duplexes containing phosphorothioate linkages were compared with data for four unmodified duplexes to assess the effect of phosphorothioate modification on the structure and stability of DNA. DNA and DNA.RNA duplexes. Nine duplexes were formed by mixing oligomers 24 nt long in 0.15 M(More)
Prion diseases, a group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders, are characterized by the presence of the abnormal scrapie isoform of prion protein (PrP(Sc)) in affected brains. A conformational change is believed to convert the normal cellular prion protein into PrP(Sc). Detection of PrP(Sc) for diagnosis and prophylaxis is impaired because available Abs(More)