Learn More
The Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health is using a combination of environmental and biologic measures to evaluate the effects of prenatal insecticide exposures among urban minorities in New York City. Of the 571 women enrolled, 85% report using some form of pest control during pregnancy and 46% report using exterminators, can sprays, and/or(More)
Beclin 1, the mammalian orthologue of yeast Atg6, has a central role in autophagy, a process of programmed cell survival, which is increased during periods of cell stress and extinguished during the cell cycle. It interacts with several cofactors (Atg14L, UVRAG, Bif-1, Rubicon, Ambra1, HMGB1, nPIST, VMP1, SLAM, IP(3)R, PINK and survivin) to regulate the(More)
Inner-city minority populations are high-risk groups for adverse birth outcomes and also more likely to be exposed to environmental contaminants, including environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), benzo[a]pyrene B[a]P, other ambient polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (global PAHs), and residential pesticides. The Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health(More)
A number of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are widespread environmental contaminants that cause mammary cancer experimentally. We investigated whether exposure and susceptibility to PAH, as measured by PAH-DNA adducts in breast tissue, are associated with human breast cancer. We carried out a hospital-based case-control study using(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-DNA adducts were measured by ELISA in peripheral leukocytes from 119 non-small cell lung cancer patients and 98 controls at the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. Thirty-one cases had adduct measurements in leukocytes, lung tumor, and nontumor specimens collected at surgery, and 34 had paired leukocyte and tumor specimens.(More)
Histones and their post-translational modifications have key roles in chromatin remodeling and gene transcription. Besides intranuclear functions, histones act as damage-associated molecular pattern molecules when they are released into the extracellular space. Administration of exogenous histones to animals leads to systemic inflammatory and toxic(More)
Ethylene oxide (EtO) is an alkylating agent and a model direct-acting mutagen and carcinogen. This study has evaluated a panel of biologic markers including EtO-hemoglobin adducts (EtO-Hb), sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs), micronuclei, chromosomal aberrations (CAs), DNA single-strand breaks (SSB) and an index of DNA repair (ratio of UDS to NA-AAF-DNA(More)
PURPOSE To measure lipid compositional and structural changes in lenses as a result of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment in vivo. HBO treatment in vivo has been shown to produce increased lens nuclear light scattering. METHODS Guinea pigs, approximately 650 days old at death, were given 30 and 50 HBO treatments over 10- and 17-week periods, respectively,(More)
To assess the risks of early life exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), we tested whether four biomarkers in peripheral blood were associated with home ETS exposure in Hispanic and African-American children. The biomarkers included cotinine (a metabolite of nicotine) and three indicators of molecular and genetic damage from mutagens/carcinogens,(More)
Tumor cells require increased adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to support anabolism and proliferation. The precise mechanisms regulating this process in tumor cells are unknown. Here, we show that the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) and one of its primary ligands, high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), are required for optimal mitochondrial(More)