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The Caenorhabditis elegans dauer larva is specialized for dispersal without growth and is formed under conditions of overcrowding and limited food. The daf-7 gene, required for transducing environmental cues that support continuous development with plentiful food, encodes a transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily member. A daf-7 reporter(More)
Gene expression in a developmentally arrested, long-lived dauer population of Caenorhabditis elegans was compared with a nondauer (mixed-stage) population by using serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE). Dauer (152,314) and nondauer (148,324) SAGE tags identified 11,130 of the predicted 19,100 C. elegans genes. Genes implicated previously in longevity(More)
The dauer larva, a non-feeding and developmentally arrested stage of the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, is morphologically and physiologically specialized for survival and dispersal during adverse growth conditions. The ability of dauer larvae to live several times longer than the continuous developmental life span has been attributed in part(More)
Three environmental cues influence both the entry into and exit from the developmentally arrested dispersal stage called the dauer larva: a dauer-inducing pheromone, food, and temperature. The pheromone, which is a measure of population density, induces dauer larva formation at the second (L2) molt and inhibits recovery in a dose-dependent manner. Food acts(More)
of the DNA sequences of the human genome and that of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans allows the large-scale identification and analysis of or-thologs of human genes in an organism amenable to detailed genetic and molecular analyses. We are determining gene expression profiles in specific cells, tissues, and developmental stages in C. elegans. Our(More)
Formation of a developmentally arrested dispersal stage called the dauer larva is enhanced by a Caenorhabditis-specific pheromone and is inhibited by increasing amounts of food. Pheromone-induced dauer larva formation of three tested wild-type strains is temperature-dependent, so that an increased percentage of the population forms dauer larvae at 25(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans dauer larva is a facultative state of diapause. Mutations affecting dauer signal transduction and morphogenesis have been reported. Of these, most that result in constitutive formation of dauer larvae are temperature-sensitive (ts). The daf-31 mutant was isolated in genetic screens looking for novel and underrepresented classes of(More)
The anterior sensory ultrastructure of the C. elegans dauer larva was examined in several specimens and compared with that of the second-stage (L2) larva, which immediately precedes the dauer stage. In some instances comparisons were made with L3, postdauer L4, and adult stages. Whereas sensory structures in different nondauer stages closely resemble each(More)
In harsh conditions, Caenorhabditis elegans arrests development to enter a non-aging, resistant diapause state called the dauer larva. Olfactory sensation modulates the TGF-β and insulin signaling pathways to control this developmental decision. Four mutant alleles of daf-25 (abnormal DAuer Formation) were isolated from screens for mutants exhibiting(More)