Donald J. Scandell

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A number of researchers (M. Conway & C. Giannopoulos, 1993; P. J. Watson & M. D. Biderman, 1993) have suggested that self-reflectiveness is an unhealthy aspect of private self-consciousness related to psychopathology. However, these studies did not control for the significant correlation that exists between self-reflectiveness and subscale factors of public(More)
88 counselor-trainees were given information about a potential client using either a problem-focused or strength-focused pre-intake form. Based on the information provided, counselor-trainees rated the client on the perceived severity of client's problem, difficulty of treatment, attractiveness of case, anticipated duration of treatment, and usefulness of(More)
Although Costa and McCrae have indicated that respondents can strategically self-present on the NEO-Five Factor Inventory when instructed to do so, little research has examined the situational factors related to the motivation to self-present. This study examined feedback expectancy concerning test performance as one variable that might have relevance to(More)
Based upon the methodology established by Schinka, Kinder, and Kremer (Schinka, J. A., Kinder, B. N., & Kremer, T. (1997). Research validity scales for the NEO-PI-R: Development and initial validation. Journal of Personality Assessment, 68, 127±138), a set of validity scales were developed for the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI, Costa, P. T., & McCrae,(More)
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