Learn More
t-Butyl hydroperoxide was utilized to alter the thiol homeostasis in rat brain mitochondria. Following exposure to t-butyl hydroperoxide (50-500 microM), intramitochondrial GSH content decreased rapidly and irreversibly with a major portion of the depleted GSH being accounted for as protein-SS-Glutathione mixed disulfide. Formation of GSSG was not observed(More)
Treatment of isolated mitochondria with calcium and inorganic phosphate induces inner membrane permeability that is thought to be mediated through a non-selective, calcium-dependent pore. The inner membrane permeability results in the rapid efflux of small matrix solutes such as glutathione and calcium, loss of coupled functions, and large amplitude(More)
Treatment of isolated rat hepatocytes with 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) and adriamycin (ADR) produced a complete depletion of cellular glutathione accompanied by a significant increase in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage. Separation of the mitochondrial and cytoplasmic pools of glutathione by digitonin disruption showed that, although(More)
The addition of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BuOOH) to isolated mitochondria resulted in oxidation of approximately 80% of the mitochondrial reduced glutathione (GSH) independently of the dose of t-BuOOH (1-5 mM). Concomitant with the oxidation of GSH inside the mitochondria was the formation of GSH-protein mixed disulfides (protein-SSG), with approximately(More)
Using the selective membrane-solubilizing properties of digitonin and a rapid centrifugation method to separate cytoplasmic and mitochondrial components, the metabolic state of mitochondrial glutathione was investigated in isolated rat hepatocytes. Two pools of GSH were released from hepatocytes incubated with increasing concentrations of digitonin. The(More)
Experiments were conducted to elucidate the status of glutathione present in the oxidized (GSSG), reduced (GSH), and protein-mixed disulfide (GSSprotein) forms in preimplantation mouse embryos during development and after treatment with tertiary-butyl hydroperoxide (tBH) to cause oxidative stress. Glutathione was measured at picomolar levels by fluorimetric(More)