Donald J. Mead

Learn More
At present, our understanding of the dynamics of microbial biomass and soil N in silvopastoral systems is very limited. In this paper, the effects of understorey management on soil microbial C and N, net N mineralization, and net nitrification were studied in two seven-year-old radiata pine (Pinus radiata D. Don) – pasture systems, consisting of plots with(More)
Agroforestry in Australia and New Zealand is dominated by silvopastoralism. Farmers may employ combinations of shelterbelts, shade trees, widely spaced trees over pasture, or more densely planted woodlots. In addition to wood production and shelter, erosion control, amenity and landscape planting, and conservation of natural forest are often important. Many(More)
Although a high proportion of fertilizer N may be immobilized in organic forms in the soil, no studies have examined the long-term availability of residual fertilizer 15N in forestry situations. We investigated this by growing lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) seedlings in surface (0–10 cm) soil sample eight years after application of 15N-urea, 15NH4NO3 and(More)
We studied the distribution and retranslocation of N in 11-year-old Pinus contorta Dougl. trees following a winter application of N at 100 kg ha(-1) as (15)N-urea, (15)NH(4)NO(3) or NH(4) (15)NO(3). In all treatments, there was little uptake of (15)N after the first growing season although labeled N was still present in the soil. In subsequent years, (15)N(More)
In this study we determined soil moisture storage, evapotranspiration (ET) and light interception in an agroforestry trial consisting of pine trees grown over (1) control (bare ground), (2) ryegrass/clovers (Lolium perene/Trifolium spp.), (3) lucerne (Medicago sativa), and (4) ryegrass only during the third growing season between 1992 and 1993. The results(More)
The success of silvopastoral systems depends to a large extent on the type of understory species used under particular site conditions. The effects of understory management on tree growth characteristics were investigated in an eight-year period in a silvopastoral agroforestry experiment in Canterbury, New Zealand. The period studied was from establishment(More)
Soil moisture content (SMC) and throughfall were monitored along transects between rows of radiata pine (Pinus radiata D. Don) planted at 7 m row spacing and grown with ryegrass/clover or lucerne pastures or with no understorey. SMC was recorded to 1 or 2 m depths for years 2–6 or 4–6, respectively. The predominant rainfall from the south–south–west (SSW)(More)
In this paper we analyzed the dry matter yields (DM) produced in an agroforestry trial consisting of pine trees grown over (1) Control (bare ground), (2) ryegrass/clovers (Lolium perene/Trifolium spp.), (3) ryegrass only, and (4) lucerne (Medicago sativa) during the third growing season between 1992 and 1993. In addition these pastures were grown alone in(More)
Quantitative field measurements of biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) and biomass production by four different understorey pastures in a Pinus radiata-pasture agroforestry system were determined over a period of one year. The trees were two years old at the beginning of this study and the understorey pastures were being cut and removed for silage. The BNF(More)