Donald J. Jenden

Learn More
The effect of age on brain metabolite concentrations was evaluated using localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This technique allows in vivo measurements of N-acetyl compounds (NA), total creatine (CR), choline-containing compounds (CHO), myo-inositol (MI), glutamate and glutamine (GLX), as well as the percentage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and(More)
Presynaptic calcium channels are key regulators of neurotransmitter release. Oocyte expression studies suggest that cysteine string proteins are essential subunits or modulators of these channels. Subcellular fractionation revealed that cysteine string proteins copurify with synaptic vesicles. An average vesicle had eight protein monomers with both the(More)
We correlated the in vivo 1H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) concentration of the choline peak (CHO) with in vitro chemical measures of choline-containing compounds and a histological grade of cellularity in 18 patients with neoplastic and infectious brain lesions. Gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry (GCMS) was used to measure the concentrations of(More)
Patients receiving long-term total parenteral nutrition (TPN) develop hepatic steatosis as a complication. Our previous studies have shown this to be caused, at least in part, by choline deficiency. We studied four patients (1 man, 3 women) aged 50 +/- 13 years who had low plasma-free choline concentrations 4.8 +/- 1.7 (normal, 11.4 +/- 3.7 nmol/mL). The(More)
We examined the effects of cholinergic deficiency on prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle. Rats treated with a choline-free diet that contained the false cholinergic precursor N-aminodeanol showed great deficit in PPI. This deficit does not appear to be secondary to an increase of stereotyped behaviors. Startle threshold was also greatly(More)
The present experiments were designed to study behavioral, neurochemical and physiological effects of repeated exposure to subsymptomatic levels of the anticholinesterase, soman. Sprague-Dawley rats were placed on a soman regimen of 35 micrograms kg-1 (0.3 log10 units below the LD50) which consisted of daily injections SC for the first three days, followed(More)
We assessed acetylcholine (ACh) and choline (Ch) dynamics 2.5 h, 1, 4 and 14 days after cerebral cortex impact injury or craniotomy only in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Cortical endogenous ACh (D0ACh), endogenous free Ch (D0Ch), deuterium-labeled Ch (D4Ch), and ACh synthesized from D4Ch (D4ACh) were measured by gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry after(More)
Newly admitted schizophrenic patients (N=48) were given a test does of 2.2 mg/kg of chlorpromazine hydrochloride by mouth. Chlorpromazine was measured in plasma and saliva at 1, 2, 3 (saliva only), 4, 6, 8, 12 (saliva only), and 24 hours by gas chromatography-mass spectography. Subjective response at 4 and 24 hours after test dose was not significantly(More)