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The effect of age on brain metabolite concentrations was evaluated using localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This technique allows in vivo measurements of N-acetyl compounds (NA), total creatine (CR), choline-containing compounds (CHO), myo-inositol (MI), glutamate and glutamine (GLX), as well as the percentage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and(More)
Using sequential incubations in media of different K+ composition, we investigated the dynamics of choline (Ch) uptake and acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis in rat brain synaptosomal preparations, using two different deuterated variants of choline and a gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) assay for ACh and Ch. Synaptosomes were preincubated for 10(More)
We assessed acetylcholine (ACh) and choline (Ch) dynamics 2.5 h, 1, 4 and 14 days after cerebral cortex impact injury or craniotomy only in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Cortical endogenous ACh (D0ACh), endogenous free Ch (D0Ch), deuterium-labeled Ch (D4Ch), and ACh synthesized from D4Ch (D4ACh) were measured by gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry after(More)
The in vivo N-demethylation of (+) and (-)3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) to 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) was determined and the pharmacokinetic relationship between the two compounds calculated. The levels of MDA formed after iv administration of (+)MDMA to male rats were about 3 times greater than those for (-)MDMA, although the plasma(More)
Hemicholinium (HC-3) causes a behavioral reactivity in rats which is correlated with the depletion of brain acetylcholine (ACh). The decrease in ACh levels and behavioral effects caused by HC-3 are correlated in a dose-dependent manner, maximal effects being achieved at an intraventricular (i.vt.) dose of 1 microgram. The HC-3 concentration in the brain 2(More)
Forty-eight newly admitted schizophrenic patients were treated with a fixed, conservative (6.6 mg/kg) dose of chlorpromazine (CPZ) for 28 days. CPZ plasma levels were measured by a gas chromatography mass spectrometry method (GCMS) using 2H6-chlorpromazine as an internal standard. At the end of the fixed-dose period, "responders" had the same plasma levels(More)
4-[(2-Chloroethyl)methylamino]-2-butynyl N-(3-chlorophenyl)carbamate (2) and 4-[(2-bromoethyl)methylamino]-2-butynyl N-(3-chlorophenyl)carbamate (3) were synthesized. Compounds 2 and 3 cyclized at neutral pH to an aziridinium ion (4). The rate constants for the cyclization of 2 and 3 at 37 degrees C were about 0.01 and 0.4 min-1, respectively, as measured(More)
We correlated the in vivo 1H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) concentration of the choline peak (CHO) with in vitro chemical measures of choline-containing compounds and a histological grade of cellularity in 18 patients with neoplastic and infectious brain lesions. Gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry (GCMS) was used to measure the concentrations of(More)