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The effect of age on brain metabolite concentrations was evaluated using localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This technique allows in vivo measurements of N-acetyl compounds (NA), total creatine (CR), choline-containing compounds (CHO), myo-inositol (MI), glutamate and glutamine (GLX), as well as the percentage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and(More)
Presynaptic calcium channels are key regulators of neurotransmitter release. Oocyte expression studies suggest that cysteine string proteins are essential subunits or modulators of these channels. Subcellular fractionation revealed that cysteine string proteins copurify with synaptic vesicles. An average vesicle had eight protein monomers with both the(More)
4-[(2-Chloroethyl)methylamino]-2-butynyl N-(3-chlorophenyl)carbamate (2) and 4-[(2-bromoethyl)methylamino]-2-butynyl N-(3-chlorophenyl)carbamate (3) were synthesized. Compounds 2 and 3 cyclized at neutral pH to an aziridinium ion (4). The rate constants for the cyclization of 2 and 3 at 37 degrees C were about 0.01 and 0.4 min-1, respectively, as measured(More)
Using sequential incubations in media of different K+ composition, we investigated the dynamics of choline (Ch) uptake and acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis in rat brain synaptosomal preparations, using two different deuterated variants of choline and a gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) assay for ACh and Ch. Synaptosomes were preincubated for 10(More)
The present experiments were designed to study behavioral, neurochemical and physiological effects of repeated exposure to subsymptomatic levels of the anticholinesterase, soman. Sprague-Dawley rats were placed on a soman regimen of 35 micrograms kg-1 (0.3 log10 units below the LD50) which consisted of daily injections SC for the first three days, followed(More)
Hemicholinium (HC-3) causes a behavioral reactivity in rats which is correlated with the depletion of brain acetylcholine (ACh). The decrease in ACh levels and behavioral effects caused by HC-3 are correlated in a dose-dependent manner, maximal effects being achieved at an intraventricular (i.vt.) dose of 1 microgram. The HC-3 concentration in the brain 2(More)