Donald J Douglas

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The amino acid sequence of human myoglobin (Mb) is similar to other mammalian Mb except for a unique cysteine residue at position 110 (Cys(110)). Anaerobic treatment of ferrous forms of wild-type human Mb, the C110A variant of human Mb or horse heart Mb, with either authentic NO or chemically derived NO in vitro yields heme-NO complexes as detected by(More)
The influence of the ratio of the rod radius, r, to field radius, r(0), on the peak shape for a linear quadrupole mass filter constructed with round rods has been investigated. The expansion of the potential in multipoles, phi(N),Phi(x, y) = sum(infinity)(N=0)A(N)phi(N)/r(N)(0) has been considered, and the peak shape and resolution have been determined by(More)
The acid-induced denaturation of ferricytochrome c (cyt c) was examined in aqueous solutions containing different concentrations of methanol by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI MS) and optical spectroscopy. Circular dichroism, fluorescence, and absorption spectroscopy show that at a low concentration of methanol (3%) a decrease in pH induces a(More)
Linear ion traps are finding new applications in many areas of mass spectrometry. In a linear ion trap, ions are confined radially by a two-dimensional (2D) radio frequency (RF) field, and axially by stopping potentials applied to end electrodes. This review focuses on linear ion trap instrumentation. Potentials and ion motion in linear multipole fields and(More)
The equilibrium methanol-induced conformation changes of holomyoglobin (hMb) at pH 4.0 have been studied by circular dichroism, tryptophan fluorescence, and Soret band absorption and by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Optical spectra show the following: (1) In 35-40% (v/v) methanol/water, the native-like secondary structure remains, the(More)
The transmission of ions through a conventional two-dimensional radiofrequency-only (rf) quadrupole has been studied for comparatively high operating pressures between 5 × 10(-4) and 1 × 10(-2) torr. Measurements of signals from mass-resolved analyte ions and total ion currents show that, provided the initial injection ion energy is low (1-30 eV), the ion(More)
A detailed description of a linear ion trap time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer system, capable of sequential mass spectrometry (MS(n)), is given. Many improvements have been incorporated since the initial description of this system (Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 1998; 12: 1463-1474). The pressure in the trap has been lowered from 7.0 to 1.8 mTorr,(More)
For the first time, the new technique of time-resolved electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) has been used to accurately measure the pre-steady state kinetics of an enzymatic reaction by monitoring a transient enzyme intermediate. The enzyme used to illustrate this approach, Bacillus circulans xylanase, is a retaining glycosidase that(More)
Electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) in both the positive and negative ion mode has been used to study protein unfolding transitions of lysozyme, cytochrome c (cyt c), and ubiquitin in solution. As expected, ESI of unfolded lysozyme leads to the formation of substantially higher charge states than the tightly folded protein in both modes of(More)
A new ion sampling interface for an electrospray ionization 3D ion trap mass spectrometer system is described. The interface uses linear rf quadrupoles as ion guides and ion traps to enhance the performance of the 3D trap. Trapping ions in the linear quadrupoles is demonstrated to improve the duty cycle of the system. Dipolar excitation of ions trapped in a(More)