Donald J. Abraham

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The binding of Congo red to several purified amyloid-like peptides having a beta-pleated sheet conformation was quantitatively examined. Congo red binds preferentially to the beta-pleated sheet conformation of both insulin fibrils and poly-L-lysine. Congo red does not bind nearly so well to poly-L-serine or polyglycine, despite the fact that these peptides(More)
Ethylcholine mustard aziridinium ion (AF64A), a neurotoxic choline analog, was evaluated for its interactions with the cholinergic system in mice. Parenterally administered AF64A was lethal (LD50 = 32.6 mumol/kg i.v.) and the lethality could be antagonized even at 8 LD50 doses by pretreatment with choline (714 mumol/kg i.p.) 2 min earlier. Mice that were(More)
The empirically calculated parameter LogP(o/w), the log(10) of the coefficient for solvent partitioning between 1-octanol and water, has been used to provide the key data for a unique non-covalent interaction force field called HINT (Hydropathic INTeractions). This experimentally-derived force field encodes entropic as well as enthalpic information and also(More)
The fragment method of calculating partition coefficients (P) has been extended to include the common amino acids (AAs). The results indicate that polar and charged side chains influence the hydrophobicity of atoms in the side chain in a predictable manner. Field effects, as evidenced through polar proximity factors and bond factors, need to be considered(More)
Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry, UniVersity of Parma, Via G.P. Usberti 17/A 43100, Parma, Italy, National Institute for Biosystems and Biostructures, Rome, Italy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Institute for Structural Biology & Drug DiscoVery, Virginia Commonwealth UniVersity, Richmond, Virginia 23298-0540, Department of Pharmaceutics,(More)
In an attempt to find new types of anti-sickling agents that specifically bind to intracellular sickle haemoglobin (HbS) without inhibition by plasma and tissue proteins or other undesirable consequences, we identified 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (5HMF), a naturally occurring aromatic aldehyde, as an agent that fulfils this criterion. Preliminary studies in(More)
BACKGROUND Escherichia coli pyridoxine 5'-phosphate oxidase (PNPOx) catalyzes the terminal step in the biosynthesis of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP), a cofactor used by many enzymes involved in amino acid metabolism. The enzyme oxidizes either the 4'-hydroxyl group of pyridoxine 5'-phosphate (PNP) or the 4'-primary amine of pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate (PMP) to(More)
Human erythrocyte pyruvate kinase plays an important role in erythrocyte metabolism. Mutation on the gene results in pyruvate kinase deficiency and is an important cause of hereditary nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia. Because of difficulties in isolating the mutant enzymes from patients, these mutations have not been fully studied. In this study, a(More)
The protein-bound conformations of six new allosteric effectors similar to bezafibrate that markedly decrease the oxygen affinity of hemoglobin have been determined by X-ray crystallography. Comparisons are made with the bound conformations of three urea analogues reported by Lalezari, Perutz, and co-workers. All six new molecules bind at the same site(More)
The crystal structure of human deoxy hemoglobin (Hb) complexed with a potent allosteric effector (2-[4-[[(3,5-dimethylanilino)carbonyl]methyl]phenoxy]-2-methylpropionic acid) = RSR-13) is reported at 1.85 A resolution. Analysis of the hemoglobin:effector complex indicates that two of these molecules bind to the central water cavity of deoxy Hb in a(More)