Donald Hutson

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41 compounds or mixtures of diverse structure and application have been tested for genotoxic activity. The materials were tested in bacterial mutation assays, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae JD1 for mitotic gene conversion and in a cultured rat-liver cell line for structural chromosome damage. 11 compounds were bacterial mutagens, 4 induced mitotic gene(More)
1. Enzyme preparations from 11 plant sources, from yeast and from the protozoan Tetrahymena pyriformis show nigerase activity, which, in most preparations, was 70-90% of that towards maltose. 2. These enzyme preparations also hydrolysed isomaltose, but there was a wide variation in relative maltase to isomaltase activity. 3. The maltase and nigerase(More)
Two hydrocarbon solvents (heptane and Special Boiling Point Spirit 100/140) and eight oxygenated solvents [methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, diacetone alcohol, di-isobutyl ketone, isopropyl ether, hexylene glycol, secondary butyl alcohol and ME 6K (pentoxone)] have been tested for genotoxic activity. The solvents were tested in bacterial mutation(More)
1. Following multiple oral administration of 14C-flocoumafen to rats at 0.02 and 0.1 mg/kg per week, appreciable cellular accumulation was seen in the liver. 2. Residues in the liver increased with dose throughout the duration of the experiment (14 weeks) at the low dose, but reached a plateau after 4 weeks at the high dose. The major component was(More)
Ethyl[14C]benzene hydroperoxide administered orally to female rats (30 mg/kg) is rapidly absorbed and metabolized. Most of the administered compound (81%) is eliminated in the 0-24 h urine. Major metabolites include mandelic acid (23%), hippuric acid (34%) and 1-phenylethyl glucuronide (4%). Ethyl[14C]benzene is metabolized via 1-phenylethanol to the same(More)
The metabolic fates of 14C-phenol and its model plant conjugates 14C-phenyl glucoside and 14C-phenyl 6-O-malonyl-glucoside have been compared following equimolar oral dosing to rats (1.2 mg phenol/kg). Rapid excretion of radioactivity in the urine (at least 80% within 24 h) was observed with each compound. Phenol was eliminated as expected mainly as phenyl(More)