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1. Enzyme preparations from 11 plant sources, from yeast and from the protozoan Tetrahymena pyriformis show nigerase activity, which, in most preparations, was 70-90% of that towards maltose. 2. These enzyme preparations also hydrolysed isomaltose, but there was a wide variation in relative maltase to isomaltase activity. 3. The maltase and nigerase(More)
Two hydrocarbon solvents (heptane and Special Boiling Point Spirit 100/140) and eight oxygenated solvents [methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, diacetone alcohol, di-isobutyl ketone, isopropyl ether, hexylene glycol, secondary butyl alcohol and ME 6K (pentoxone)] have been tested for genotoxic activity. The solvents were tested in bacterial mutation(More)
1. Rats exhibit a sex difference in the rate of metabolism of endrin. 2. The major metabolite in both sexes is anti-12-hydroxyendrin which is excreted via the bile as the glucuronide. Male rats produce the metabolite at a higher rate than do females. 3. trans-4,5-Dihydroisodrin-4,5-diol is a minor metabolite. A mechanism for its formation is discussed. 4.(More)
The synthetic alpha-cyano-phenoxybenzyl-containing pyrethroid insecticides act on the CNS of vertebrates and show a species-selective toxicity in the order fish greater than amphibians much greater than mammals greater than birds. Concentrations of [14C]cis-cypermethrin in the brains of representative members of each of these classes of chordates were(More)
1. The alkenyl phosphate insecticide, dimethylvinphos, is rapidly metabolized and eliminated by rats and dogs. 2. Metabolism proceeds via demethylation followed by the hydrolysis of desmethyl dimethylvinphos to 2,4-dichlorophenacyl chloride which is further metabolized mainly to 2,4-dichloromandelic acid, 1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)ethanol (glucuronide) and(More)