Donald Hayes

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Social norms are cultural phenomena that naturally emerge in human societies and help prescribe and proscribe normative patterns of behavior. In recent times, the discipline of multiagent systems has been modeling social norms in artificial society of agents. This paper reviews norms in multiagent systems and then offers exploration of a series of norms in(More)
The goal of this study was to determine whether, at different age levels, males cite different bases as reasons for disliking peers. Male preschoolers, primary graders, preadolescents, and young adults were asked to name and give reasons for disliking an actual same-sex peer. Participants from preschool through preadolescence frequently cited aggression and(More)
In 6 experiments, we examined preschoolers' ability to interpret or remember the affective reactions of television characters. In 2 studies, children viewed a "Sesame Street" or "Cosby Show" segment, and then retold the story. In both, mention of the protagonists' affective states was low, with less than 1% of the reactions recalled. In 3 experiments (using(More)
This study examined the ability of preschool children to make phonological discriminations after hearing rhyming or nonrhyming versions of the same story. Participants first listened to either a rhyming or nonrhyming version of a story, Rainy Day Kate (Blegvad, 1987), then attempted a phonological deletion and a rhyme/alliteration detection task. In(More)
A constructive model of recall and communication (D. Edwards & D. Middleton, 1986) and certain whole-word approaches to learning (C. Pontecorvo & C. Zucchermaglio, 1989) were evaluated in conjunction with an investigation of the benefits of joint storytelling on children's cognitive processes. Preschoolers (N = 36, aged 30-62 months) were prompted to(More)
An innovative model of structuring agent control based on the implicit concept of transferring a portion of social power upon a series of requests for delegation being offered. Existing models are examined and evaluated. We present the concept of social power as a resource that is exchanged within an agent group instead of a static power structure or one(More)
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