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The structure and dynamics of the grooves of DNA are of immense importance for recognition of DNA by proteins and small molecules as well as for the packaging of DNA into nucleosomes and viral particles. Although there is general agreement that the minor groove of DNA varies in a sequence-dependent manner and is narrow in AT regions, alternative models have(More)
Phosphorylation of proteins by kinases is the most commonly studied class of posttranslational modification, yet its structural consequences are not well understood. The human SR (serine-arginine) protein ASF/SF2 relies on the processive phosphorylation of the serine residues of eight consecutive arginine-serine (RS) dipeptide repeats at the C terminus by(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation is the standard computational technique used to obtain information on the time evolution of the conformations of proteins and many other molecular systems. However, for most biological systems of interest, the time scale for slow conformational transitions is still inaccessible to standard MD simulations. Several sampling(More)
Different models for minor groove structures predict that the conformation is essentially fixed by sequence and has an influence on local ion distribution or alternatively that temporal positions of ions around the minor groove can affect the structure if they neutralize cross-strand phosphate charges. Our previous studies show that the minor groove in an(More)
Actin protofilaments in the erythrocyte membrane skeleton are uniformly approximately 37nm. This length may be in part attributed to a "molecular ruler" made of erythrocyte tropomodulin (E-Tmod) and tropomyosin (TM) isoforms 5 or 5b. We previously mapped the E-Tmod binding site to TM5 N-terminal heptad repeat residues "a" (I(7), I(14)), "d" (V(10)) and "f"(More)
Many interesting dynamic properties of biological molecules cannot be simulated directly using molecular dynamics because of nanosecond time scale limitations. These systems are trapped in potential energy minima with high free energy barriers for large numbers of computational steps. The dynamic evolution of many molecular systems occurs through a series(More)
Slow diffusive conformational transitions play key functional roles in biomolecular systems. Our ability to sample these motions with molecular dynamics simulation in explicit solvent is limited by the slow diffusion of the solvent molecules around the biomolecules. Previously, we proposed an accelerated molecular dynamics method that has been shown to(More)
Despite growing evidence suggesting the importance of enzyme conformational dynamics (ECD) in catalysis, a consensus on how precisely ECD influences the chemical step and reaction rates is yet to be reached. Here, we characterize ECD in Cyclophilin A, a well-studied peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase, using normal and accelerated, atomistic molecular(More)
The presence of serine/threonine-proline motifs in proteins provides a conformational switching mechanism of the backbone through the cis/trans isomerization of the peptidyl-prolyl (omega) bond. The reversible phosphorylation of the serine/threonine modulates this switching in regulatory proteins to alter signaling and transcription. However, the mechanism(More)