Donald Hamelberg

Learn More
Peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerases (PPIases) are ubiquitous enzymes in biology that catalyze the cis-trans isomerization of the proline imide peptide bond in many cell signaling pathways. The local change of the isomeric state of the prolyl peptide bond acts as a switching mechanism in altering the conformation of proteins. A complete understanding of the(More)
Accelerated molecular dynamics (AMD) is an efficient strategy for accelerating the sampling of molecular dynamics simulations, and observable quantities such as free energies derived on the biased AMD potential can be reweighted to yield results consistent with the original, unmodified potential. In conventional AMD the reweighting procedure has an inherent(More)
Functional positive cooperative activation of the extracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]o)-sensing receptor (CaSR), a member of the family C G protein-coupled receptors, by [Ca(2+)]o or amino acids elicits intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) oscillations. Here, we report the central role of predicted Ca(2+)-binding site 1 within the hinge region of the extracellular(More)
In this work we propose a straightforward and efficient approach to improve accuracy and convergence of free energy simulations in condensed-phase systems. We also introduce a new accelerated Molecular Dynamics (MD) approach in which molecular conformational transitions are accelerated by lowering the energy barriers while the potential surfaces near the(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptor 1α (mGluR1α), a member of the family C G protein-coupled receptors, is emerging as a potential drug target for various disorders, including chronic neuronal degenerative diseases. In addition to being activated by glutamate, mGluR1α is also modulated by extracellular Ca(2+). However, the underlying mechanism is unknown.(More)
In this paper, we introduce an algorithm that assigns an essentially unique key called the Universal Chemical Key (UCK) to molecular structures. The molecular structures are represented as labeled graphs whose nodes abstract atoms and whose edges abstract bonds. The algorithm was tested on 236,917 compounds obtained from the National Cancer Institute (NCI)(More)
Many bacterial genes are controlled by metabolite sensing motifs known as riboswitches, normally located in the 5' un-translated region of their mRNAs. Small molecular metabolites bind to the aptamer domain of riboswitches with amazing specificity, modulating gene regulation in a feedback loop as a result of induced conformational changes in the expression(More)
Alternative models have been presented to provide explanations for the sequence-dependent variation of the DNA minor groove width. In a structural model groove narrowing in A-tracts results from direct, short-range interactions among DNA bases. In an electrostatic model, the narrow minor groove of A-tracts is proposed to respond to sequence-dependent(More)
Enzyme catalysis is central to almost all biochemical processes, speeding up rates of reactions to biological relevant timescales. Enzymes make use of a large ensemble of conformations in recognizing their substrates and stabilizing the transition states, due to the inherent dynamical nature of biomolecules. The exact role of these diverse enzyme(More)
The Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaSR) regulates Ca(2+) homeostasis in the body by monitoring extracellular levels of Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]o) and amino acids. Mutations at the hinge region of the N-terminal Venus flytrap domain (VFTD) produce either receptor inactivation (L173P, P221Q) or activation (L173F, P221L) related to hypercalcemic or hypocalcemic disorders.(More)