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Malaria parasites, and other parasitic protists of the Phylum Apicomplexa, carry a plastid-like genome with greatly reduced sequence complexity. This 35 kb DNA circle resembles the plastid DNA of non-photosynthetic plants, encoding almost exclusively components involved in gene expression. The complete gene map described here includes genes for duplicated(More)
Malaria and related apicomplexan parasites have two highly conserved organellar genomes: one is of plastid (pl) origin, and the other is mitochondrial (mt). The organization of both organellar DNA molecules from the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum has been determined, and they have been shown to be tightly packed with genes. The 35-kb circular(More)
1. Ketone-body utilization in fed and starved adult and suckling rats has been investigated by measuring arterio-venous differences across the brain. Venous blood was collected from the confluence of sinuses and arterial blood from the femoral artery in adult rats and by cardiac puncture in suckling rats. 2. During starvation the arterio-venous difference(More)
We studied the occurrence, clinical manifestations, and mechanism of hypoglycemia in patients with falciparum malaria in eastern Thailand. Hypoglycemia, which was often severe and recurrent, occurred in 17 patients, including 12 in a series of 151 patients with cerebral malaria. Thirty episodes were investigated. Plasma concentrations of insulin and C(More)
1. The activities in rat tissues of 3-oxo acid CoA-transferase (the first enzyme involved in acetoacetate utilization) were found to be highest in kidney and heart. In submaxillary and adrenal glands the activities were about one-quarter of those in kidney and heart. In brain it was about one-tenth and was less in lung, spleen, skeletal muscle and(More)
A 3.5-kb Sau3AI fragment was cloned from a circular DNA molecule isolated from the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum and found to contain two contiguous open reading frames. These encode portions of beta and beta' subunits of an RNA polymerase similar to prokaryotic and chloroplast RNA polymerases, and contain highly conserved structural(More)
A restriction map of the 35-kb circular DNA molecule of Plasmodium falciparum showed that a region of about 6 kb, encoding both a large and a small subunit ribosomal RNA gene, has been duplicated in inverted orientation. The complete sequence of one small subunit rRNA gene is presented as well as an analysis of transcripts from erythrocytic stage parasites.(More)
Petite strains in Saccharomyces exhibit enhanced spontaneous mutation rates of nuclear genes regardless of whether they are cytoplasmically or nuclearly inherited, or whether or not the cytoplasmic petite strains have mitochondrial DNA. In petite strains, the mutation rate for the nonsense allele lys1-1 is enhanced by a factor of 3-6 and for the missense(More)