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The treatment of neurologic disorders and the restoration of lost function due to trauma by neuroprosthetic devices has been pursued for over 20 years. The methodology for fabricating miniature devices with sophisticated electronic functions to interface with nervous system tissue is available, having been well established by the integrated circuit(More)
Micro-machined neural prosthetic devices can be designed and fabricated to permit recording and stimulation of specific sites in the nervous system. Unfortunately, the long-term use of these devices is compromised by cellular encapsulation. The goals of this study were to determine if device size, surface characteristics, or insertion method affected this(More)
Algorithms are presented for fully automatic three-dimensional (3D) tracing of neurons that are imaged by fluorescence confocal microscopy. Unlike previous voxel-based skeletonization methods, the present approach works by recursively following the neuronal topology, using a set of 4 /spl times/ N/sup 2/ directional kernels (e.g., N = 32), guided by a(More)
221 neural recordings. For microelectrode prosthetics, the ability to identify and track the activity of single neurons has been the feature leveraged to determine the state of the system. As a result, many have investigated the cascade of events that follow chronic implantation of microelectrodes and the degradation in signal quality. This reduction(More)
This paper presents a method to exploit rank statistics to improve fully automatic tracing of neurons from noisy digital confocal microscope images. Previously proposed exploratory tracing (vectorization) algorithms work by recursively following the neuronal topology, guided by responses of multiple directional correlation kernels. These algorithms were(More)
1. Studies were undertaken to better understand why the developing hippocampus has a marked capacity to generate prolonged synchronized discharges when exposed to gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA) receptor antagonists. 2. Excitatory synaptic interactions were studied in small microdissected segments of hippocampal area CA3. Slices were obtained from 10- to(More)
This paper presents automated and accurate algorithms based on high-order transformation models for registering three-dimensional (3D) confocal images of dye-injected neurons. The algorithms improve upon prior methods in several ways, and meet the more stringent image registration needs of applications such as two-view attenuation correction recently(More)
Alcohol-related birth defects result from acute and chronic insults that perturb sequential developmental programs. The molecular targets of EtOH include G-protein coupled signal transduction pathways. In order to test the hypothesis that G-proteins are involved in EtOH-induced hippocampal teratogenesis, rat pups were administered 3.3 g/kg.day of EtOH on(More)
Automated three-dimensional (3-D) image analysis methods are presented for tracing of dye-injected neurons imaged by fluorescence confocal microscopy and HRP-stained neurons imaged by transmitted-light brightfield microscopy. An improved algorithm for adaptive 3-D skeletonization of noisy images enables the tracing. This algorithm operates by performing(More)
In order to test the hypothesis that ethanol (EtOH)-induced changes in growth factor signal transduction contribute to the teratogenic effects of EtOH in the developing brain, neonatal rat pups were administered a single dose of EtOH during the brain growth spurt (5 days of age, PN5). Hippocampal mitogen-activated/extracellular signal-regulated protein(More)