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Thirty-two children admitted from 1977 through 1981 were treated by serial debridement of their burn wounds with 1:1.5 to 3:1 meshed autografting of granulating tissue as it became available. Thirty-two burned children treated from 1981 to 1984 were treated by early total excision to fascia with application of 4:1 expanded autograft and cadaver skin for(More)
To provide insight on system security and aid decision-makers, we propose the ADversary VIew Security Evaluation (ADVISE) method to quantitatively evaluate the strength of a system's security. Our approach is to create an executable state-based security model of a system. The security model is initialized with information characterizing the system and the(More)
Daptomycin pharmacokinetics were evaluated for burn patients. Burn patients had decreases in the maximum concentration of the drug in serum (44%) and the area under the concentration-time curve (47%) and increases in the volume of distribution (64%) and total clearance (77%) compared to healthy volunteers. In burn patients, daptomycin at 10 to 12 mg/kg of(More)
Wound contraction, a process whereby wound edges are drawn together, is thought to be mediated by the myofibroblast cell population. However, experimental wounds may close as much as 25% (surface area) before the onset of fibroplasia which is marked by the migration of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts into the wound bed 2 to 3 days after injury. This early(More)
INTRODUCTION Increased levels of genes in the type I interferon (IFN) pathway have been observed in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), or scleroderma. How type I IFN regulates the dermal fibroblast and its participation in the development of dermal fibrosis is not known. We hypothesized that one mechanism by which type I IFN may contribute to dermal(More)
A ten year retrospective review of 259 zygoma fractures is presented to highlight changes in epidemiology and treatment. Motor vehicle-related trauma resulted in a majority of the injuries (80.6%), with a high incidence of multiple facial fractures (43.2%). The number of zygomatic and other facial fractures decreased over the duration of the study (by 50.0%(More)
The hemodynamic, renal, and hematologic responses to fluid resuscitation with four different hydrating solutions (lactated Ringer's and hypertonic salt solutions, with and without albumin) administered in equal quantities were compared in an ovine burn model. Forty-five animals, including a sham group, were studied. The burn (40%, flame) was inflicted under(More)
BACKGROUND Gigantomastia is a rare and dangerous condition in pregnancy. Although improvement after delivery is likely, postpartum aggravation is possible. To date, various pharmacological approaches have been tried, with only marginal effectiveness. Surgical intervention is often necessary. CASE A young woman presented at 32 weeks' gestation with mirror(More)
This study examines the incidence of serious complications in nasal surgery and discusses the diagnosis and management of these complications. The authors review 259 consecutive cases performed between January 1, 1983, and August 31, 1988. One-hundred and ninety-five patients had septorhinoplasties, 29 had septoplasties, and 35 had rhinoplasties. Thirteen(More)