Donald H. Maurice

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Cyclic AMP (cAMP) and cGMP regulate a myriad of cellular functions, such as metabolism, contractility, motility, and transcription in virtually all cell types, including those of the cardiovascular system. Considerable effort over the last 20 years has allowed identification of the cellular components involved in the synthesis of cyclic nucleotides, as well(More)
Cyclic AMP regulates a vast number of distinct events in all cells. Early studies established that its hydrolysis by cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) controlled both the magnitude and the duration of its influence. Recent evidence shows that PDEs also act as coincident detectors linking cyclic-nucleotide- and non-cyclic-nucleotide-based cellular(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) catalyse the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP, thereby regulating the intracellular concentrations of these cyclic nucleotides, their signalling pathways and, consequently, myriad biological responses in health and disease. Currently, a small number of PDE inhibitors are used clinically for treating the(More)
A combination of pharmacological, molecular biological and biochemical approaches were used to investigate the differential expression of two cyclic GMP-inhibited cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase genes (PDE3A and PDE3B) in the rat. RT PCR using PDE3A- or PDE3B-specific oligonucleotide primers allowed amplification of products encoding PDE3A (508 bp) or(More)
1. Rat cultured aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) express both cyclic GMP-inhibited cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase (PDE3) and Ro 20-1724-inhibited cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase (PDE4) activities. By utilizing either cilostamide, a PDE3-selective inhibitor, or Ro 20-1724, a PDE4-selective inhibitor, PDE3 and PDE4 activities were shown to account for(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are a superfamily of enzymes whose physiological role is the attenuation of the signaling mediated by the ubiquitous second messengers cAMP and cGMP. Given the myriad of physiological processes regulated by cAMP and cGMP, PDEs have long been studied as potential therapeutic targets. Although phosphodiesterase 3(More)
In this study, we describe a novel mechanism by which a protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated activation of the Raf-extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK)-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) cascade regulates the activity and membrane targeting of members of the cyclic AMP-specific phosphodiesterase D family (PDE4D). Using a combination of(More)
SPARC, a matricellular protein that affects cellular adhesion and proliferation, is produced in remodeling tissue and in pathologies involving fibrosis and angiogenesis. In this study we have asked whether peptides generated from cleavage of SPARC in the extracellular milieu can regulate angiogenesis. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3, but not MMP-1 or 9,(More)
Vascular endothelial cell (VEC) permeability is largely dependent on the integrity of vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin or VE-Cad)-based intercellular adhesions. Activators of protein kinase A (PKA) or of exchange protein activated by cAMP (EPAC) reduce VEC permeability largely by stabilizing VE-Cad-based intercellular adhesions. Currently, little(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) hydrolyze cAMP or cGMP and terminate their signaling. Two important families of PDEs that regulate cAMP signaling in cardiovascular tissues are the cGMP-inhibited PDEs (PDE3) and the cAMP-specific PDEs (PDE4). In this study, we have used a combination of an in vitro motility assay and a sensitive method for the(More)