Learn More
BACKGROUND Two commonly used methods of digital nerve block with local anesthetic are the two-injection dorsal technique and the single-injection volar subcutaneous technique. The authors compared these two digital block techniques with respect to local anesthetic injection pain and recipient preference of anesthetic technique. METHODS Twenty-seven(More)
OBJECTIVES Accidental finger injections with high-dose (1:1,000) epinephrine is a new and increasing phenomenon. The purpose of this study is to document the incidence of finger necrosis and the treatment for this type of injury. The necessity or type of treatment required for this type of injury has not been established. METHODS The literature was(More)
BACKGROUND Three local anesthetics are commonly used for digital nerve block: 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine, 2% lidocaine, and 0.5% bupivacaine. The authors have not identified a study that has compared these three agents in digital nerve block in a randomized fashion. The goal of this study was to determine which of the three agents provided the(More)
The wide-awake approach to flexor tendon repair has decreased our rupture and tenolysis rates and permitted us to get consistently good results in cooperative patients. The wide-awake surgery allows the repair of gaps of the surgical repair site revealed with intraoperative active movement testing of the repair We are now doing midrange active movement(More)
SUMMARY Among the many advances in local anesthesia of the hand, some of the most significant changes in the last 5 years have been the following: (1) the acceptance of safety of locally infiltrated epinephrine with lidocaine for hemostasis, which has removed the need for sedation, brachial plexus blocks, and general anesthesia for most common hand surgery(More)
BACKGROUND Medical texts continue to perpetuate the belief that epinephrine should not be injected in fingers. Little attention has been paid to analyze the evidence that created this belief to see whether it is valid. The significance is that elective epinephrine finger injection has been shown to remove the need for a tourniquet, and therefore delete(More)
PURPOSE To examine prospectively the incidence of digital infarction and phentolamine rescue in a large series of patients in whom local anesthesia with adrenaline was injected electively into the hand and fingers. There continues to be a commonly held belief that epinephrine injection is contraindicated in the finger despite a lack of valid evidence to(More)
At the Dalhousie Plastic Surgery Alumni Reunion at the Atlantic Plastic Surgery meeting in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in September 2001, 22 subjects, including 18 certified hand surgeons, were injected with 1.8 mL of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 adrenaline in three places in one finger of each hand. One hour later, the same sites of one hand were injected with(More)
BACKGROUND The elective use of low-dose epinephrine in hand surgery has allowed for the performance of simple operative procedures with tourniquet-free pure local anesthesia (the wide-awake approach). The absence of general anesthesia or sedation has, in turn, allowed for the observation of how quickly the sensorimotor cortex adapts following procedures(More)