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BACKGROUND Considerable controversy exists with regard to whether influenza virus and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are spread by the inhalation of infectious airborne particles and about the importance of this route, compared with droplet or contact transmission. METHODS Airborne particles were collected in an urgent care clinic with use of(More)
Exposure to indoor fungi is of growing concern in residential and occupational environments in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of sensitization to common indoor fungal species in an atopic population. We evaluated 102 patients (73 female and 29 male patients) for immunoglobulin E (IgE) reactivity to a panel of(More)
Mold contamination and exposure to fungi in indoor environments has been associated with various adverse health effects but little is known about the significance of individual fungal species in the initiation or exacerbation of such effects. Using Stachybotrys chartarum as a model fungus we sought to demonstrate that monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) can(More)
Size-fractionated aerosol particles were collected in a hospital emergency department to test for airborne influenza virus. Using real-time polymerase chain reaction, we confirmed the presence of airborne influenza virus and found that 53% of detectable influenza virus particles were within the respirable aerosol fraction. Our results provide evidence that(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate crossreactivity between latex and foods, to identify crossreacting IgE binding proteins, and to assess the clinical significance. METHODS Forty-seven latex allergic patients and 46 non-latex allergic patient controls were studied. Allergen sensitization was determined by skin-prick testing (SPT) and(More)
BACKGROUND Latex-allergic individuals experience clinical cross-reactivity to a large number of fruits and vegetables. Much of the cross-reactivity can be attributed to Hev b 6, but evidence indicates that additional cross-reactive allergens may be present. A common pan-allergen, which has not previously been identified in latex, but may contribute to this(More)
BACKGROUND Sensitization to natural rubber latex (Hevea brasiliensis) is a major cause of occupational asthma and rhinitis affecting frequent latex-glove users. Hev b 6.01, a known major latex allergen, is cleaved naturally into hevein (4.7 kDa) and a C-terminal fragment (14 kDa). Hevein is an abundant protein in latex-glove extracts. As the immune response(More)
Natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy is a "new" illness whose prevalence reached epidemic proportions in highly exposed populations during the last decade. In children with spina bifida and in patients exposed to NRL during radiologic procedures, institution of prophylactic safety measures has had demonstrable effects in preventing allergic reactions. The(More)
Compared to traditional methods of fungal exposure assessment, molecular methods have provided new insight into the richness of fungal communities present in both indoor and outdoor environments. In this study, we describe the diversity of fungi in the homes of asthmatic children located in Kansas City. Fungal diversity was determined by sequencing the(More)