Donald G. Rainnie

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An impressive amount of evidence from many different laboratories using a variety of experimental techniques indicates that the amygdala plays a crucial role in the acquisition, consolidation and retention or expression of conditioned fear. Electrophysiological data are beginning to detail the transmitters and inter-amygdala connections that transmit(More)
Whole-cell and extracellular recording techniques were used to examine local circuit inhibition in the CA1 region of the rat hippocampus in vitro. Activation, primarily of the recurrent inhibitory circuit by alvear stimulation, elicited an IPSP in pyramidal neurons that was dependent, in part, on NMDA receptor activation. Application of a tetanizing(More)
Increased discharge activity of mesopontine cholinergic neurons participates in the production of electroencephalographic (EEG) arousal; such arousal diminishes as a function of the duration of prior wakefulness or of brain hyperthermia. Whole-cell and extracellular recordings in a brainstem slice show that mesopontine cholinergic neurons are under the(More)
1. Intracellular recording techniques were used to characterize synaptic inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) recorded from neurons of the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA). Bipolar electrodes positioned in the stria terminalis (ST) or lateral amygdala (LA) were used to evoke synaptic responses at a frequency of 0.25 Hz. 2. Two synaptic(More)
1. Intracellular current-clamp recordings were made from neurons of the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA) of the rat in the in vitro slice preparation. Neurons were identified morphologically after intracellular injection of biocytin, and the electrophysiological properties and morphological characteristics were correlated. 2. Three distinct(More)
The anterolateral group of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST(ALG)) plays a critical role in a diverse array of behaviors, although little is known of the physiological properties of neurons in this region. Using whole cell patch-clamp recordings from rat BNST(ALG) slices in vitro, we describe three distinct physiological cell types. Type I(More)
The basolateral amygdala (BLA) is critical for the generation of emotional behavior and the formation of emotional memory. Understanding the neuronal mechanisms that contribute to emotional information processing in the BLA will ultimately require knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of its constituent neurons. Two major cell classes exist in the BLA,(More)
The amygdala is involved in the associative processes for both appetitive and aversive emotions, and its function is modulated by stress hormones. The neuropeptide corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) is released during stress and has been linked to many stress-related behavioral, autonomic, and endocrine responses. In the present study,(More)
Whole cell patch-clamp recordings were obtained from projection neurons and interneurons of the rat basolateral amygdala (BLA) to understand local network interactions in morphologically identified neurons and their modulation by serotonin. Projection neurons and interneurons were characterized morphologically and electrophysiologically according to their(More)
This review describes a series of animal experiments that investigate the role of endogenous adenosine (AD) in sleep. We propose that AD is a modulator of the sleepiness associated with prolonged wakefulness. More specifically, we suggest that, during prolonged wakefulness, extracellular AD accumulates selectively in the basal forebrain (BF) and cortex and(More)