Donald G. Lindmark

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Cells of the aerotolerant anaerobe Giardia lamblia respire in the presence of oxygen. Endogenous respiration is stimulated by glucose but not by other carbohydrates and Krebs cycle intermediates. Endogenous and glucose-stimulated respiration are insensitive to cyanide, malonate, and 2,4-dinitrophenol, but are inhibited by atabrin and iodoacetamide. G.(More)
Galactosamine, a Giardia filamentous cyst wall specific-sugar, is below the limits of detection in non-encysting trophozoites. Radiolabeling studies suggest that Giardia synthesize galactosamine primarily from endogenous glucose rather than salvage it from the environment. Enzymes responsible for galactosamine synthesis from glucose are induced during(More)
The proteinase activity of Giardia lamblia trophozoites, Portland 1 strain, was characterized with respect to substrate specificities and inhibitor sensitivities. Proteinase activity with urea-denatured hemoglobin (UDH), alpha-N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide (BANA), and alpha-N-benzoyl-argininamide (BAA) as substrates exhibited pH optima of 5.8, 3.8,(More)
Homogenates of Giardia lamblia trophozoites exhibited the following hydrolase activities: acid phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.2), proteinase (EC 3.1.4) with urea-denatured hemoglobin and N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-2-naphthylamide as substrates, deoxyribonuclease (EC 3.1.4.5), and ribonuclease (EC 2.7.7.16). beta-N-Acetylglucosaminidase (EC 3.2.1.30), beta-galactosidase(More)
Gas chromatographic (GC), mass spectrometric (MS), lectin binding and enzymatic analyses of the carbohydrates from Giardia cyst walls, intact cysts and trophozoites were performed to investigate the carbohydrate composition of Giardia cyst walls and to test the hypothesis that the Giardia cyst wall is composed largely of chitin. Galactosamine, verified by(More)
The enzymes of the arginine dihydrolase pathway were demonstrated in Tritrichomonas foetus and their subcellular localization determined for both T. foetus and Trichomonas vaginalis. Ornithine carbamyltransferase (anabolic and catabolic activities), ornithine decarboxylase and carbamate kinase activity were localized predominately (56-80%) in the non(More)
Twelve 4- and 5-nitroimidazole derivatives, including metronidazole and two of its metabolites, tinidazole, dimetridazole, and nimorazole, were tested for antitrichomonad action on Tritrichomonas foetus (KV(1)) and Trichomonas vaginalis (ATCC 30001) for mutagenicity on a nitroreductase-positive (TA 100) and a nitroreductase-deficient (TA 100-FR(1)) strain(More)
Giardia lamblia trophozoites, grown in axenic culture, were labeled for various periods of time with [3H]thymidine. After autoradiography, grains were counted over each of the two nuclei in each trophozoite. Analysis of the fraction of trophozoites labeled for each time period resulted in an estimate of a generation time of 15 hr. The DNA synthetic or S(More)
The enzyme exchanging formate with the carboxyl of pyruvate was purified 195-fold from extracts of Streptococcus fuecalis by a procedure involving protamine treatment, dialysis, and gradient centrifugation. Centrifugation of protamine-treated extract in a 10 to 40% potassium tartrate gradient provided a 65-fold purhication and separated the exchange enzyme(More)