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The siderophores produced by iron-starved Bordetella pertussis and B. bronchiseptica were purified and were found to be identical. Using mass spectrometry and proton nuclear magnetic resonance, we determined that the siderophore produced by these organisms was identical to alcaligin, a siderophore produced by Alcaligenes denitrificans.
Chlamydia trachomatis serovar E is a major cause of bacterially-acquired sexually transmitted infections. Stock cultures of these obligate intracellular bacteria are often propogated in McCoy cells. We recently reported that greater infectious titers of chlamydiae could be obtained if the McCoy cells were cultured on collagen-coated microcarrier beads… (More)
The influence of Ca2+ ions on the cytotoxic activity of Pasteurella haemolytica leukotoxin was investigated. The divalent cation influenced the cytotoxic effect of the leukotoxin for sensitive BL-3 target cells, but its absence did not eliminate cytotoxicity. In short-term 1-h assays using neutral red uptake as a measure of cell viability, depletion of Ca2+… (More)
Safe and effective vaginal microbicidal compounds are being sought to offer women an independent method for protection against transmission of sexually acquired pathogens. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of two formulations of one such compound, C31G, against Chlamydia trachomatis serovar E alone, its host epithelial cell (HEC-1B)… (More)
INTRODUCTION Antibiotic sensitivity and the effect of temperature on microbial growth are two standard laboratory activities found in most microbial laboratory manuals. We have found a novel way to combine the two activities to demonstrate how temperature can influence antibiotic sensitivity using a standard incubator in instructional laboratory settings.… (More)
Six hybridoma clones producing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) reactive with Pasteurella haemolytica A1 leukotoxin were derived from mice immunized with leukotoxin excised from sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. Of the six MAbs, only one, Ltx-2, neutralized leukotoxin in a BL-3 cell cytotoxicity assay. MAb Ltx-2 blocked association of A1 leukotoxin to… (More)