Donald F. Caldwell

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The routers in an Autonomous System (AS) must distribute the information they learn about how to reach external destinations. Unfortunately, today's internal Border Gateway Protocol (iBGP) architectures have serious problems: a "full mesh" iBGP configuration does not scale to large networks and "route reflection" can introduce problems such as protocol(More)
We study the problem of compressing massive tables. We devise a novel compression paradigm—training for lossless compression— which assumes that the data exhibit dependencies that can be learned by examining a small amount of training material. We develop an experimental methodology to test the approach. Our result is a system, pzip, which outperforms gzip(More)
Human error in configuring routers undermines attempts to provide reliable, predictable end-to-end performance on IP networks. Manual configuration, while expensive and error-prone, is the dominant mode of operation, especially for large enterprise networks. These networks often lack the basic building blocks---an accurate equipment inventory, a debugged(More)
Administration of a single non-convulsive dose of insulin (1.0, I.U./kg., I.P.) which produced no observable gross behavioral changes in rats, reduced rapid eye movement (REM) sleep time 100% in the first 3 hrs. and 82% by the 4th hr., reaching control subject levels (saline-treated) by the 6th hr. In contrast, slow-wave sleep (NREM) time in insulin treated(More)
Relations between sleep and memory were examined as a function of aging in rats. Sleep (24 hr), passive avoidance retention, and choline acetyltransferase (CAT) activity were assessed in 3 age-groups (6, 15, and 24 months old). Age-related alterations were evident in sleep, memory, and cortical and striatal CAT activity. Retention deficits in old rats were(More)
Administration of a high dose of glucose (2.5 g/kg, i.p.) that is known to produce severe hyperglycemia in euglycemic rats suppressed rapid eye movement (REM) sleep time significantly during the first three hours of 8 hr total electroencephalogram (EEG) recording period. Co-administration of glucose (2.5 g/kg, i.p.) and a non-convulsive dose of insulin (1.0(More)
Thh design of a plug-holder unit for electrode implants is described. The plug-holder attaches to the stereotaxic and facilitates the insertion of the electrode contact pins into the plug by retaining the connector plug in a fixed rigid position. In addition, it prevents the accidental breakage of contact lead wires which can normally occur during the(More)
The sleep-wake cycle of 12 tryptophan dietary deficient rats and their non-deficient paired controls were observed for a 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. period. EEG, EMG and body activity were continuously monitored on polygraphic recordings throughout the 12 hr observation period. The results indicate no significant difference between the tryptophan deficient and(More)