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Alcohol teratogenesis may be due in part to inhibition of neuronal differentiation by ethanol. We showed previously that alcohol decreased neuronal differentiation (neurite extension) and increased N-myc and c-myc neuronal protein levels. Since Growth-Associated Protein 43 (GAP43/B50) levels must increase for neurons to differentiate, alcohol may decrease(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence increasingly implicates obesity as an independent risk factor for different cancers. We examined such evidence for hepatocellular carcinoma. AIM To review the effect of increased levels of body mass index on hepatocellular carcinoma risk. METHODS We reviewed systematically the literature examining the association between increased(More)
OBJECTIVE To use information collected by the Confidential Enquiry into Stillbirths and Deaths in Infancy to help obstetric, midwifery and paediatric practice in the management of shoulder dystocia. DESIGN Review of casenotes by a multidisciplinary focus group. SAMPLE All 56 cases reported to the Confidential Enquiry into Stillbirths and Deaths in(More)
We have previously shown that depletion of vitamin D3 in rats results in a large increase in the contractile function of isolated hearts (R. E. Weishaar, J. Clin. Invest. 79: 1706-1712, 1987). To characterize the mechanism responsible for this increase, the effect of vitamin D3 depletion on key physical and morphological properties of cardiac muscle was(More)
Studies have been carried out which were designed to examine the hormonal requirement for the appearance of estrogen sulfotransferase activity in porcine uteri. Mature, ovariectomized (OVX) gilts were housed for 3 weeks before being treated with various regimens of estradiol-17 beta (E2) and progesterone (P). Uteri were then removed, minced, incubated for 2(More)
A study of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells was undertaken to ascertain the degree of apoptosis induction by paclitaxel and if the induction of apoptosis could be enhanced by caffeine. Paclitaxel (0-20 ng/ml) caused concentration-dependent increases in morphologically identifiable apoptotic cells (up to 43% of cell population) and cells with DNA strand(More)
Community surveillance revealed 1085 prevalent cases of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during 1978 in urban metropolitan Columbia and rural Pee Dee areas of South Carolina. Six hundred fifty-eight hospitalized cases met our criteria and were classified as definite or probable. Death certificates identified 427 who died before admission to the hospital(More)
Body mass and body fat distribution are important considerations in the study of hypertension. However, few studies have investigated the relationships with regards to race differences in elevated arterial pressure. A population-based sample of black and white adults was assessed by interview and physical measurement. The prevalence of hypertension (defined(More)
It is unclear whether patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) can make comprehensive lifestyle changes that produce similar changes in coronary risk factors and quality of life compared with patients with CAD and without DM. We examined medical characteristics, lifestyle, and quality of life by diabetic status and gender in(More)