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[1] In this paper, aerosol composition and size distributions in east Asia are simulated using a comprehensive chemical transport model. Three-dimensional aerosol simulations for the TRACE-P and ACE-Asia periods are performed and used to help interpret actual observations. The regional chemical transport model, STEM-2K3, which includes the on-line(More)
[1] Regional modeling analysis for the Intercontinental Transport and Chemical Transformation 2002 (ITCT 2K2) experiment over the eastern Pacific and U.S. West Coast is performed using a multiscale modeling system, including the regional tracer model Chemical Weather Forecasting System (CFORS), the Sulfur Transport and Emissions Model 2003 (STEM-2K3)(More)
In many applications of atmospheric transport-chemistry problems, a major task is the numerical integration of the stii systems of ordinary diierential equations describing the chemical transformations. This paper presents a comprehensive numerical comparison between ve dedicated explicit and four implicit solvers for a set of seven benchmark problems from(More)
[1] The California Institute of Technology (CIT) three-dimensional urban/regional atmospheric model is used to perform comprehensive gas-and aerosol-phase simulations of the 8 September 1993 smog episode in the South Coast Air Basin of California (SoCAB) using the atmospheric chemical mechanism of part 1 [Griffin et al., 2002] and the thermodynamic module(More)
Photochemical mechanisms are a critical module of air quality models. In the past 20 years, several mechanisms have been developed to study the chemistry of the troposphere. This work compares several state-of-the-science photochemical mechanisms (including LCC, CBM-IV, RADM2, EMEP, RACM, SAPRC99, and CACM which have never been compared before in other(More)
Airborne particles play critical roles in air quality, health effects, visibility, and climate. Secondary organic aerosols (SOA) formed from oxidation of organic gases such as α-pinene account for a significant portion of total airborne particle mass. Current atmospheric models typically incorporate the assumption that SOA mass is a liquid into which(More)
The steady-state exchange of inert gases across an in situ canine trachea has recently been shown to be limited equally by diffusion and perfusion over a wide range (0.01-350) of blood solubilities (betablood; ml . ml-1 . atm-1). Hence, we hypothesize that the exchange of ethanol (betablood = 1,756 at 37 degrees C) in the airways depends on the blood flow(More)
A new numerical algorithm using quintic splines is developed and analyzed: quintic spline Taylor-series expansion (QSTSE). QSTSE is an Eulerian #ux-based scheme that uses quintic splines to compute space derivatives and Taylor series expansion to march in time. The new scheme is strictly mass conservative and positive de"nite while maintaining high peak(More)