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We investigated the long-term outcome of patients requiring tracheostomy in an intensive care unit (ICU) in an attempt to identify risk factors that would indicate a low probability of early decannulation. A retrospective study was conducted of a consecutive series of 106 patients who underwent tracheostomy in the period between January 1, 2001, and(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha convertase (TACE), the enzyme responsible for the processing of pro-TNFalpha to TNFalpha, has been reported to be a metalloproteinase closely related to matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Current inhibitors of TACE such as succinate-based hydroxamic acids exemplified by Marimastat (TACE IC(50): 3.8 nM; blood IC(50): 7 microM) and(More)
Atrial fibrillation is a major risk factor for stroke. Anticoagulant therapy reduces this risk but increases the risk of haemorrhage. We aimed to compare the morbidity related to the treatment of atrial fibrillation with warfarin seen in one year at our hospital, with the morbidity in those patients in whom embolism was potentially preventable. There were(More)
PURPOSE Immune reconstitution was studied in 30 children who had received purged autologous bone marrow transplantation for neuroblastoma or acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS Patients with neuroblastoma received high-dose chemotherapy and total body irradiation, and patients with AML received chemotherapy alone. Marrows were purged ex vivo with either(More)
Microbial products serving as superantigens (SAgs) have been implicated in triggering various T cell-mediated chronic inflammatory disorders, including severe asthma. Given earlier evidence demonstrating that airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells express MHC class II molecules, we investigated whether ASM can present SAg to resting CD4(+) T cells, and further(More)
BACKGROUND Although acute decreases in total cholesterol (TC) are well documented in myocardial infarction, previous stroke studies have produced conflicting results. The timing of lipid estimation in ischemic stroke is becoming important with recent trial results indicating the benefits of statins. We therefore aimed to determine the optimal time for lipid(More)
The effects of systemic hypoxia upon liver blood flow and oxygen consumption were studied in a group of six pentobarbitone anaesthetised greyhounds. The effect of systemic hyperoxia upon the same factors were also studied in a further group of six greyhounds. Hypoxia studied atPaO2 tensions of 9.3, 7.3, 5.3 and 3.3 kPa was found to increase mean arterial(More)
BACKGROUND Bidirectional stimulatory cross-talk was recently found to exist between activated T cells and airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells, a process that involves coligation of specific cellular adhesion-costimulatory molecules that results in the induction of proasthmatic-like changes in ASM responsiveness. OBJECTIVE The present study examined whether(More)
An experimental model for studying the early healing of open wounds in the rat is described. With this model, exudate is easily collected, a standardized granulation tissue is achieved at different post-wounding time intervals and local treatment of the wounds is possible. The model involves the use of stainless steel rings with covers, fastened to the(More)