Donald C. Reason

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Antibodies specific for capsular polysaccharide epitopes mediate immunity to encapsulated bacterial pathogens, and accordingly, vaccine development has focused upon the induction of these specificities. Efficacious vaccines, consisting of either polysaccharide alone or polysaccharide coupled to protein carriers, have been developed for a number of(More)
Combinatorial cloning and expression library analysis were used to isolate human antibody Fab fragments specific for the capsular polysaccharide of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 23F. Thirty 23F-specific Fabs were isolated from seven vaccinated donors, and the sequences of the heavy (H)- and light (L)-chain variable regions were determined. All(More)
Combinatorial cloning and expression library analysis were used to determine the expressed human antibody repertoire specific for the capsular polysaccharide (PS) of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 6B. Sequence analysis of 55 6B-specific antibody Fab fragments isolated from six vaccinated donors reveal that different individuals used a variety of heavy(More)
A structurally conserved antibody combining site, encoded by the IGH V3-23 and kappa A2 variable (V) region gene segments, predominates the adult immune response to the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) capsular polysaccharide (PS). This site has been elevated to canonical status based upon its relative molecular uniformity and prevalence in adults. To(More)
Anti-Haemophilus influenzae b polysaccharide (Hib PS) antibodies elicited in elderly subjects following conjugate vaccination expressed a light-chain variable-region (VL)-associated idiotype and had functional activities similar to those previously observed in children and younger adults. These findings indicate that advanced age is not accompanied by(More)
Antibodies specific for capsular polysaccharides play a central role in immunity to encapsulated Streptococcus pneumoniae, but little is known about their genetics or the variable (V) region polymorphisms that affect their protective function. To begin to address these issues, we used combinatorial library cloning to isolate pneumococcal polysaccharide(More)
Abs using the kappaII-A2 V gene segment predominate the human Ab repertoire to the Haemophilus influenzae b (Hib) polysaccharide (PS). All A2 anti-Hib PS Abs sequenced to date possess a 10-amino acid L chain complementarity-determining region-3 (CDR-3) having an insertional arginine (Arg) at position 95a, the V-J junction. These findings suggest an(More)
Meningococcal vaccines containing factor H binding protein (fHbp) are in clinical development. fHbp binds human fH, which enables the meningococcus to resist complement-mediated bacteriolysis. Previously, we found that chimeric human IgG1 mouse anti-fHbp monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) had human complement-mediated bactericidal activity only if the MAb(More)
Binding of the complement-downregulating protein factor H (fH) to the surface of the meningococcus is important for survival of the organism in human serum. The meningococcal vaccine candidate factor H binding protein (fHbp) is an important ligand for human fH. While some fHbp-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) block binding of fH to fHbp, the(More)
In this study we sought to determine whether factor VIII-reactive T lymphocytes were present in hemophilia A patients with inhibitor antibodies. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNC) were obtained from 12 severe hemophilia A patients having high titer inhibitors, 4 severe hemophilia A patients without inhibitors and 5 normal male subjects. B(More)