Donald C. Dunbar

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The association between nitric oxide synthase (eNOS and iNOS) status, oxidative stress, and cardiac function was evaluated in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats to understand the etiology of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Cardiac function was determined by echocardiography. eNOS and iNOS status and superoxide production were assessed by immunohistochemistry and(More)
This study investigated the patterns of rotational mobility (> or =20 degrees ) and stability (< or =20 degrees ) of the head and trunk in wild Indian monkeys during natural locomotion on the ground and on the flat-topped surfaces of walls. Adult hanuman langurs (Semnopithecus entellus) and bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata) of either gender were cine filmed(More)
We investigated locomotor and postural behavior during terminal branch feeding in order to gain a better understanding of the motor capabilities of primates. We videotaped wild, juvenile bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata) in India as they fed on flower nectar in a simal tree (Bombax malabaricum). Kinematic analysis revealed that they select specific support(More)
The brain requires internal or external reference frames to determine body orientation in space. These frames may change, however, to meet changing conditions. During quadrupedal overground locomotion by monkeys, the head rotates on a stabilized trunk during walking, but the trunk rotates on a stabilized head during galloping. Do the same movement patterns(More)
The transition among hominids from quadrupedalism to bipedalism resulted in modifications in their musculoskeletal morphology. It is unclear, however, whether changes in the circuitry of the CNS were also necessary in order to accommodate the unique balance requirements of two-limb support. This study addresses the issue of modifications in control(More)
Postural and locomotor development is described for free-ranging groups of three monkey species: Macaca mulatta (rhesus macaque), M. radiata (bonnet macaque) and Presbytis entellus (hanuman langur). Behaviors are discussed in terms of infant-1, infant-2, juvenile, adult and elderly age groups. Analysis is based on high-speed motion pictures and videos.(More)
In the interest of identifying new leads that could serve as prototype agrochemical agents, 18 structurally diverse marine-derived compounds were examined for insecticidal, herbicidal, and fungicidal activities. Several new classes of compounds have been shown to be insecticidal, herbicidal, and fungicidal, which suggests that marine natural products(More)
This study investigated the effect of initial stance configuration on automatic postural responses in humans. Subjects were tested in both bipedal and quadrupedal stance postures. The postural responses to horizontal translations of the supporting surface were measured in terms of the forces at the ground, movement of the body segments, and(More)
Postural reactions to disruptions of stance are rapid and automatic in both quadrupeds and bipeds. Current evidence suggests that these postural responses are generated by the central nervous system as patterns involving muscle synergies. This study attempted to test this hypothesis of a centrally generated postural mechanism by determining whether the same(More)
Segmental kinematics were investigated in horses during overground locomotion and compared with published reports on humans and other primates to determine the impact of a large neck on rotational mobility (> 20 deg.) and stability (< or = 20 deg.) of the head and trunk. Three adult horses (Equus caballus) performing walks, trots and canters were videotaped(More)