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Excessive fertilization with organic and/or inorganic P amendments to cropland increases the potential risk of P loss to surface waters. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of soil test P level, source, and application method of P amendments on P in runoff following soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. The treatments consisted of two rates(More)
Continued inputs of fertilizer and manure in excess of crop requirements have led to a build-up of soil phosphorus (P) levels and increased P runoff from agricultural soils. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of two tillage practices (no-till and chisel plow) and a range of soil P levels on the concentration and loads of dissolved(More)
and Salas (1985) compared kriging with several other interpolation techniques, including inverse distance, for The choice of an optimal interpolation technique for estimating annual precipitation distributions and found kriging to soil properties at unsampled locations is an important issue in site-be superior to inverse distance weighting. Warrick et(More)
The concentrations of serum total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and triglycerides have been measured in 7735 men aged 40 to 59 years who were drawn from general practices in 24 towns in England, Wales, and Scotland. The distribution of these blood lipids, their interrelations and their association with age, social class, body mass(More)
Three surveys were made of the quality of plasma cholesterol measurements performed with a commercial desktop analyser (BCL Reflotron) in primary care. Each survey included three specimens, and results were received from 37, 61, and 69 participants. Although many participants obtained satisfactory results, 8.6% of the results differed by 1.0 mmol/l or more(More)
An external quality assessment survey of immunochemical assays of 9 proteins (immunoglobulins G, A and M, complement components C3 and C4, alpha1-antitrypsin, orosomucoid, haptoglobin and transferrin) in 5 European countries (Austria, France, Hungary, Italy and UK) showed inter-country differences in the mean values obtained. Reprocessing of the results(More)
Between-laboratory agreement for 6 specific protein assays was better in two surveys (total 8 specimens) in which a calibration material was provided than in the preceding five surveys (20 specimens) in a national external quality assessment scheme. CVs for immunoglobulins G, A and M (200 participants) and alpha 1-antitrypsin and complement components C3(More)
Three surveys of total urinary protein quantitation have been carried out in 350 UK laboratories. The seven specimens comprised buffered saline or normal human urine with added human serum albumin or human serum, or urine from individuals with nephrotic syndrome. Principal method groups were: turbidimetry (57%), dye binding (25%) and biuret (15%). For all(More)
The operation and results of the United Kingdom External Quality Assessment Scheme for Lead in Blood, which currently has about 140 participants within and outside the U.K. are described. The choice of specimens, scheme design, and scoring of performance are discussed, as is the validity of the consensus values used as a basis for the scoring. There has(More)