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We have developed technologies for creating saturating libraries of sequence-defined transposon insertion mutants in which each strain is maintained. Phenotypic analysis of such libraries should provide a virtually complete identification of nonessential genes required for any process for which a suitable screen can be devised. The approach was applied to(More)
The 5.67-megabase genome of the plant pathogen Agrobacterium tumefaciens C58 consists of a circular chromosome, a linear chromosome, and two plasmids. Extensive orthology and nucleotide colinearity between the genomes of A. tumefaciens and the plant symbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti suggest a recent evolutionary divergence. Their similarities include(More)
BACKGROUND Francisella tularensis subspecies tularensis and holarctica are pathogenic to humans, whereas the two other subspecies, novicida and mediasiatica, rarely cause disease. To uncover the factors that allow subspecies tularensis and holarctica to be pathogenic to humans, we compared their genome sequences with the genome sequence of Francisella(More)
The genome sequence of the genetically tractable, mesophilic, hydrogenotrophic methanogen Methanococcus maripaludis contains 1,722 protein-coding genes in a single circular chromosome of 1,661,137 bp. Of the protein-coding genes (open reading frames [ORFs]), 44% were assigned a function, 48% were conserved but had unknown or uncertain functions, and 7.5%(More)
There has been much speculation as to what role balancing selection has played in evolution. In an attempt to identify regions, such as HLA, at which polymorphism has been maintained in the human population for millions of years, we scanned the human genome for regions of high SNP density. We found 16 regions that, outside of HLA and ABO, are the most(More)
The human genome sequence has been finished to very high standards; however, more than 340 gaps remained when the finished genome was published by the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium in 2004. Using fosmid resources generated from multiple individuals, we targeted gaps in the euchromatic part of the human genome. Here we report 2,488,842 bp(More)
Currently, challenges exist to acquire long-range (hundreds of kilobase pairs) phase-discriminated sequence across substantial numbers of individuals. We have developed a straightforward method for isolating and characterizing specific genomic regions in a haplospecific manner. Real-time PCR is carried out to STS content map and genotype pools of fosmid(More)
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