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Behavioral studies have suggested that exaggerated reactivity to food cues, especially those associated with high-calorie foods, may be a factor underlying obesity. This increased motivational potency of foods in obese individuals appears to be mediated in part by a hyperactive reward system. We used a Philips 3T magnet and fMRI to investigate activation of(More)
Brain glutamate and glutamine were detected in healthy human volunteers in spectroscopic images with a nominal voxel size of 2.25 cm3 at an echo time of 15 ms. Due to the increased frequency separation and simplification of J-coupling patterns, the separate detection of brain glutamate and glutamine at short echo times was possible. Creatine, choline, and(More)
Discrepancies in the patterns of cortical activation across studies may be attributable, in part, to differences in baseline tasks, and hence, reflect the limits of the subtractive logic underlying much of neuroimaging. To assess the extent of these effects, three of the most commonly used baseline conditions (rest, tone monitoring, and passive listening)(More)
PURPOSE To determine thresholds of quality for a T2*-weighted perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study and evaluate the effects of an angiogenesis inhibitor on relative blood flow and volume changes in brain tumor patients in a multi-institution setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 36 volunteers from four participating institutions with(More)
Metabolic differences in the content of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatinine (CR), and choline (CH) in cerebral gray and white matter can complicate the interpretation of 1H spectroscopic images. To account for these variations, the gray- and white-matter content of each voxel must be known. To provide these data, a T1-based image segmentation scheme was(More)
Although there has been great interest in the neuroanatomical basis of reading, little attention has been focused on auditory language processing. The purpose of this study was to examine the differential neuroanatomical response to the auditory processing of real words and pseudowords. Eight healthy right-handed participants performed two phoneme(More)
The fundamental operations of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging can be formulated, for a large number of methods, as sampling the object distribution in the Fourier spatial-frequency domain, followed by processing the digitized data (often simply by Fourier transformation) to produce a digital image. In these methods, which include reconstruction(More)
Using a 4.1T whole body system, we have acquired 1H spectroscopic imaging (SI) data of N-acetyl (NA) compounds, creatine (CR), and choline (CH) with nominal voxel sizes of 0.5 cc (1.15 cc after filtering). We have used the SI data to estimate differences in cerebral metabolites of human gray and white matter. To evaluate the origin of an increased CR/NA and(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has developed rapidly into a major non-invasive tool for studying the human brain. However, due to a variety of technical difficulties, it has yet to be widely adopted for use in alert, trained non-human primates. Our laboratory has been developing techniques for such fMRI studies. As background, we first(More)
A method to provide B1 correction and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) referencing is developed and applied to spectroscopic imaging of the human brain at 4.1 T using a volume head coil. The B1 image allows rapid determination of the spatially dependent B1 that is then used to compensate for the B1 sensitivity of the spectroscopic sequence. The reference signal is(More)