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Mice contain at least seven nonallelic forms of the H1 histones, including the somatic variants H1a-e and less closely related variants H1 degrees and H1t. The mouse H1 degrees and H1c (H1var.1) genes were isolated and characterized previously. We have now isolated, sequenced and studied the expression properties of two additional mouse H1 genes, termed(More)
Chronic stress is a risk factor for psychiatric illnesses, including depressive disorders, and is characterized by increased blood glucocorticoids and brain monoamine oxidase A (MAO A, which degrades monoamine neurotransmitters). This study elucidates the relationship between stress-induced MAO A and the transcription factor Kruppel-like factor 11 (KLF11,(More)
The levels of histone mRNA are rapidly reduced after treatment of cultured cells with hydroxyurea or cytosine arabinonucleoside. The histone mRNA for the replicative histone variants is destroyed rapidly, with a half-life of 10-15 min. The levels of mRNA coding for the replacement histone variant H3.3 were unchanged after treatment with DNA synthesis(More)
The novel transcriptional repressor protein, R1 (JPO2/CDCA7L/RAM2), inhibits monoamine oxidase A (MAO A) gene expression and influences cell proliferation and survival. MAO A is implicated in several neuropsychiatric illnesses and highly elevated in major depressive disorder (MDD); however, whether R1 is involved in these disorders is unknown. This study(More)
To identify functional differences among non-allelic variants of the mammalian H1 linker histones a system for the overexpression of individual H1 variants in vivo was developed. Mouse 3T3 cells were transformed with an expression vector containing the coding regions for the H1c or H10 variant under the control of an inducible promoter. Stable, single(More)
BACKGROUND The biochemical pathways underlying alcohol abuse and dependence are not well understood, although brain cell loss and neurotoxicity have been reported in subjects with alcohol dependence. Monoamine oxidase B (MAO B; an enzyme that catabolizes neurotransmitters such as dopamine) is consistently increased in this psychiatric illness. MAO B has(More)
Histone mRNA was partially purified from mouse myeloma cells synchronized in S phase by isoleucine starvation. A cDNA was prepared that contained sequences complementary to all five mouse histone genes. This cDNA was used to screen a library of mouse DNA in lambda phage. The positive clones were screened by hybridization with sea urchin histone(More)
The importance of histone H1 heterogeneity and total H1 stoichiometry in chromatin has been enigmatic. Here we report a detailed characterization of the chromatin structure of cells overexpressing either H1(0) or H1c. Nucleosome spacing was found to change during cell cycle progression, and overexpression of either variant in exponentially growing cells(More)
Somatic histone H1 reduces both the rate and extent of DNA replication in Xenopus egg extract. We show here that H1 inhibits replication directly by reducing the number of replication forks, but not the rate of fork progression, in Xenopus sperm nuclei. Density substitution experiments demonstrate that those forks that are active in H1 nuclei elongate to(More)
We investigated the effects of histone H1s on DNA replication using Xenopus egg extract. Mouse variants H1c and H10 were assembled onto Xenopus sperm chromatin by the extract during the remodeling that accompanies nuclear decondensation. The association of H1 with chromatin was rapid and concentration dependent. H1-associated chromatin displayed a typical(More)