Donald B. Kimmel

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To test whether bone mass increases in healthy nonpregnant white women during early adult life after cessation of linear growth; and to test whether various self-chosen levels of physical activity and nutrient intake or use of oral contraceptives influences this increase in bone mass. DESIGN Longitudinal prospective study of up to 5 years of 156(More)
Transilial bone biopsies were obtained from 34 healthy postmenopausal women following in vivo fluorochrome labeling. Stained and unstained undecalcified sections were evaluated using a Merz grid. Standard histomorphometric data from cancellous bone tissue were collected and the results were evaluated and presented as variables commonly used in bone(More)
We present a noninvasive, in vivo model for strain application in the tibiae of rats. The hind limb of each animal was placed into a device that applied four point bending to the tibia. Bending was applied in the medial-lateral direction causing compression on the lateral surface of the tibia and tension on the anteromedial surface. The peak strain(More)
Alendronate (ALN) is an aminobisphosphonate employed as an antiresorptive agent in the treatment of osteoporosis. The present study was carried out to determine dose-response relationships, particularly the effects of relatively low doses of ALN, on bone mineral density (BMD), biochemical indexes of bone and mineral metabolism, and bone histology, with(More)
To evaluate the ability of estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) to prevent changes in trabecular bone volume (BV/TV) and connectivity beginning either at ovariectomy (OVX) or 5-13 days after OVX in adult female rats, the right proximal tibial was examined by three-dimensional X-ray tomographic microscopy (XTM) in vivo. Animals had XTM scans of the right tibia(More)
The skeletal effects of graded doses of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) given to weanling Sprague-Dawley rats for 3 weeks were investigated to elucidate the role of bone cells in increasing hard tissue mass. Decalcified (3 micron) sections were quantified in the light microscope by point hit and intersect counting using a Merz grid. Hard tissue mass (bone and(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess breed-related differences in bone histomorphometry, bone biomechanics, and serum biochemistry in three mouse breeds shown to differ in bone mineral density (BMD) (as measured by DXA) and bone mineral content (BMC). Femurs, tibiae, and sera were collected from 16-week-old C3H/HeJ {C3H}, C57BL/6J {BL6}, and DBA/2J(More)
This paper describes a technique for characterizing strains and stresses induced in vivo in the rat tibia during application of an external four-point bending load. An external load was applied through the muscle and soft tissue with a four-point bending device, to induce strain in a 11 mm section of the right tibiae of ten adult female Sprague-Dawley rats.(More)
Although mechanical forces regulate bone mass and morphology, little is known about the signals involved in that regulation. External force application increases periosteal bone formation by increasing surface activation and formation rate. In this study, the early tibial periosteal response to external loads was compared between loaded and nonloaded(More)
Mechanical loading of the living skeleton influences bone formation, mass, and strength. The primary purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of different loading schedules (days/week) on the bone response to external loading using an in vivo rat tibia four-point bending model. Three studies were conducted to (1) characterize the loaded(More)