Donald B Defranco

Learn More
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by expansion of a polyglutamine tract in ataxin-1. In affected neurons of SCA1 patients and transgenic mice, mutant ataxin-1 accumulates in a single, ubiquitin-positive nuclear inclusion. In this study, we show that these inclusions stain positively for the 20S(More)
Oxidative stress can trigger neuronal cell death and has been implicated in several chronic neurological diseases and in acute neurological injury. Oxidative toxicity can be induced by glutamate treatment in cells that lack ionotrophic glutamate receptors, such as the immortalized HT22 hippocampal cell line and immature primary cortical neurons. Previously,(More)
Molecular Endocrinology Group, Laboratory of Signal Transduction, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (N.Z.L., J.A.C.); Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (S.E.W., D.P.M.);(More)
Live cell imaging has revealed the rapid mobility of steroid hormone receptors within nuclei and their dynamic exchange at transcriptionally active target sites. Although a number of other proteins have been shown to be highly mobile within nuclei, the identity of soluble factors responsible for orchestrating nuclear trafficking remains unknown. We have(More)
Huntington's Disease belongs to the CAG repeat family of neurodegenerative diseases and is characterized by the presence of an expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) repeat in the huntingtin (htt) gene product. PolyQ-expanded htt accumulates within large aggregates that are found in various subcellular compartments, but are more often localized within the nucleus.(More)
The extracellular signal regulated protein kinases (ERK1/2) are essential for normal development and functional plasticity of the central nervous system. However, a growing number of recent studies in models of cerebral ischemia, brain trauma and neurodegenerative diseases implicate a detrimental role for ERK1/2 signaling during oxidative neuronal injury.(More)
Oxidative stress links diverse neuropathological conditions that include stroke, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease and has been modeled in vitro with various paradigms that lead to neuronal cell death following the increased accumulation of reactive oxygen species. For example, immortalized neurons and immature primary cortical neurons undergo(More)
Induction of mild hypothermia improves neurologic outcome after global cerebral ischemia. This study measured levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) in hippocampal tissue of rats after resuscitation from 8 minutes of normothermic, asphyxial cardiac arrest. After resuscitation, rats were maintained either at normal(More)
Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disease caused by an expanded polyglutamine stretch within the huntingtin protein. Transfection of mutant huntingtin causes cell toxicity and depletion of CREB binding protein (CBP) or its recruitment into huntingtin aggregates. However, the role of CBP has been controversial and the relationship between(More)
The ubiquitous protein chaperone hsp90 has been shown to regulate more than 100 proteins involved in cellular signalling. These proteins are called 'client proteins' for hsp90, and a multiprotein hsp90/hsp70-based chaperone machinery forms client protein.hsp90 heterocomplexes in the cytoplasm and the nucleus. In the case of signalling proteins that act as(More)