Learn More
Despite a plethora of recent research and systematic reviews of available data, controversy continues to surround the definition of optimal vitamin D status, the daily intake needed, and the potential adverse health consequences of "insufficiency." Efforts to standardize vitamin D measurement and improve understanding of the physiologic consequences of(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro, the flavonoid components of red wine and purple grape juice are powerful antioxidants that induce endothelium-dependent vasodilation of vascular rings derived from rat aortas and human coronary arteries. Although improved endothelial function and inhibition of LDL oxidation may be potential mechanisms by which red wine and flavonoids(More)
The majority of immunogenic CTL epitopes bind to MHC class I molecules with high affinity. However, peptides longer or shorter than the optimal epitope rarely bind with high affinity. Therefore, identification of optimal CTL epitopes from pathogens may ultimately be critical for inducing strong CTL responses and developing epitope-based vaccines. The(More)
BACKGROUND The concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in serum has been designated the functional indicator of vitamin D (VitD) nutritional status. Unfortunately, variability among 25(OH)D assays limits clinician ability to monitor VitD status, supplementation, and toxicity. METHODS We developed an HPLC method that selectively measures(More)
Plasma high-density lipoprotein is commonly estimated by measuring the cholesterol remaining in plasma supernatant solutions after other lipoproteins, which contain apolipoprotein B, are precipitated with heparin and Mn2+. The method (method I) now in use by the Lipid Research Clinics, in which Mn2+ is at 46 mmol/liter final concentration, is reasonably(More)
The effect of changes in the amount of dietary carbohydrate (45 or 65% of total energy) and in the source of carbohydrate (sucrose or corn syrup) on plasma triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations was studied in eight healthy males. Subjects ingested each of the four formula diets for 10 days in a latin square sequence. Diet-induced response was assessed(More)
Direct assays for the determination of HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) have recently become available. The methods are precise, require small sample volume, and appear to be less affected by increased triglycerides than traditional precipitation methods. In this study, we describe the inter- and intralaboratory variability of the Boehringer Mannheim Corporation(More)
Estimations of some relationships among scores on the "General Purpose Abbreviated Battery" of the Stanford-Binet: Fourth Edition and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III were based on the responses of 14 boys and 18 girls enrolled in Grades 3, 4, and 5 and who took both tests. Of 13 Pearson correlations between the Binet IV composite score and(More)
OBJECTIVES False-positive screening tests may induce persistent psychological distress. This study was designed to determine whether a positive screening test with negative biopsy findings for prostate cancer is associated with worsened mental health during short-term follow-up. METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional telephone survey of two groups of men(More)
BACKGROUND Historically, methodological differences and lack of standardization led to between-laboratory variability in 25(OH)D results. Recent observations raised concern about persisting variability. This quality assurance exercise investigated 25(OH)D result comparability between laboratories. METHODS Serum pools (n=25) were prepared to contain(More)