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The correlation of acto-myosin ATPase rate with tension redevelopment kinetics (k(tr)) was determined during Ca(+2)-activated contractions of demembranated rabbit psoas muscle fibers; the ATPase rate was either increased or decreased relative to control by substitution of ATP (5.0 mM) with 2-deoxy-ATP (dATP) (5.0 mM) or by lowering [ATP] to 0.5 mM,(More)
The calcium sensitivity of force was measured in glycerinated rabbit psoas fibres at sarcomere lengths (SL) from 2.3 to 3.4 micron. Increased SL caused calcium sensitivity to increase and the slope of force-calcium relations to decrease. We have hypothesized that length-dependent changes in myofilament lattice spacing and the presence of fixed charge on the(More)
To examine if the Ca2(+)-binding kinetics of troponin C (TnC) can influence the rate of cross-bridge force production, we studied the effects of calmidazolium (CDZ) on steady-state force and the rate of force redevelopment (ktr) in skinned rabbit psoas muscle fibers. CDZ increased the Ca2(+)-sensitivity of steady-state force and ktr at submaximal levels of(More)
We examined the influence of cross-bridge cycling kinetics on the length dependence of steady-state force and the rate of force redevelopment (k(tr)) during Ca(2+)-activation at sarcomere lengths (SL) of 2.0 and 2.3 microm in skinned rat cardiac trabeculae. Cross-bridge kinetics were altered by either replacing ATP with 2-deoxy-ATP (dATP) or by reducing(More)
Changes in skeletal troponin C (sTnC) structure during thin filament activation by Ca2+ and strongly bound cross-bridge states were monitored by measuring the linear dichroism of the 5' isomer of iodoacetamidotetramethylrhodamine (5'IATR), attached to Cys98 (sTnC-5'ATR), in sTnC-5'ATR reconstituted single skinned fibers from rabbit psoas muscle. To isolate(More)
Strongly bound, force-generating myosin cross-bridges play an important role as allosteric activators of cardiac thin filaments. Sodium vanadate (Vi) is a phosphate analog that inhibits force by preventing cross-bridge transition into force-producing states. This study characterizes the mechanical state of cross-bridges with bound Vi as a tool to examine(More)
Fiber isometric tension redevelopment rate (kTR) was measured during submaximal and maximal activations in glycerinated fibers from rabbit psoas muscle. In fibers either containing endogenous skeletal troponin C (sTnC) or reconstituted with either purified cardiac troponin C (cTnC) or sTnC, graded activation was achieved by varying [Ca2+]. Some fibers were(More)
Mammalian cardiac and skeletal muscle express unique isoforms of the thin filament regulatory proteins, troponin (Tn) and tropomyosin (Tm), and the significance of these different isoforms in thin filament regulation has not been clearly identified. Both in vitro and skinned cellular studies investigating the mechanism of thin filament regulation in(More)
In striated muscle thin filament activation is initiated by Ca(2+) binding to troponin C and augmented by strong myosin binding to actin (cross-bridge formation). Several lines of evidence have led us to hypothesize that thin filament properties may limit the level and rate of force development in cardiac muscle at all levels of Ca(2+) activation. As a test(More)
The influence of Ca2+ and sarcomere length on myocardial crossbridge kinetics was studied in ferret papillary muscle by measuring the rate of force redevelopment following a rapid length step that dropped the force to zero. Tetanic stimulation with 5 mumol/L ryanodine was used to obtain a steady-state contraction, and segment length was measured and(More)