Donald A. Klein

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Cyclospora cayetanensis causes diarrheal disease worldwide without a confirmed mode of transmission. Wastewater was examined for the presence of this organism. Oocysts were detected microscopically, and their identity was confirmed by molecular techniques. These findings verify that current techniques can isolate Cyclospora oocysts and suggest that fecally(More)
The nucleotide sequence of a 7-kilobase segment of the Bacillus subtilis chromosome containing the entire coding regions for the enzymes catalyzing the first three steps of diaminopimelate synthesis as well as dipicolinate synthase has been determined. This group of functionally related genes, termed the dap operon, were arranged in the order orfY, orfX,(More)
Three axenic and rhizosphere microorganism-inoculated shortgrass steppe plant species were evaluated for possible differences in residual organic carbon and nitrogen present as sugars, organic acids and amino acids. IntroducedAgropyron cristatum was compared toA. smithii andBouteloua gracilis, which are dominant species in the native shortgrass steppe.(More)
The dynamics of nutrient transformations at the soil-root interface are complex but amenable to controlled experimental study. Using a conceptual model we introduce a series of papers which ascertain the role of microfloral-faunal trophic interactions in carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus transformations in soil microcosms.
A simulation model was developed for the carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) content of bacteria and their medium in a chemostat. Cell components distinguished included the structural component, synthetic machinery, building blocks and intermediates, C reserves, ammonium (NH4), orthophosphate (PO4), and polyphosphate. Growth, incorporation of(More)
We developed a molecular method for the detection and quantification of members of the genus Spizellomyces in the environment and used this technique, together with traditional cultural techniques, to measure the effects of cultivation and nitrogen availability on Spizellomyces populations in grassland soils. Primer sets specific for Spizellomyces(More)
Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) was induced in Lewis rats and B10.A mice by immunization with S-antigen (S-Ag) to study the potential roles of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the beta1 and beta2 isoforms of transforming growth factor (TGFbeta1 and TGFbeta2) during the progression of the disease. VEGF has been implicated as an(More)
Comparative microbial functions in the plant root zone were studied by evaluating rhizosphere-derivedPseudomonas andArthrobacter growth in chemostat culture and responses to root-exudate-related nutrients after varied starvation periods. These organisms were chosen to represent zymogenous and autochthonous microbes, respectively. In chemostat culture,(More)
The relationship between fungal activity and staining with fluorescein diacetate (FDA) was investigated by growing Penicillium citrinum and Rhizoctonia solani in submerged batch cultures at different initial glucose concentrations and aeration rates. A modified FDA staining method, similar to the Jones and Mollison technique (P. Jones and J. Mollison, J.(More)
The filamentous fungi have dynamic and variable hyphal structures within which cytoplasm can be moved, synthesized, and degraded, in response to changes in environmental conditions, resource availability, and resource distribution. Their study has gone through several phases. In the first phase, direct observation was emphasized without undue concern for(More)