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Numbers of neurones, synapses and axon terminals were quantified in a murine scrapie model with severe hippocampal pyramidal cell loss, in which definite clinical scrapie is evident from 226 days post-infection (dpi) and death occurs around 250 dpi. Disease-specific PrP accumulations were first seen at 70 dpi (28% of the incubation period (IP)) in thalamus(More)
Neuronal loss is often quoted as an element of the pathology of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, but few data are published. To determine whether neuronal loss is a salient feature of murine scrapie, and whether there is a relationship with the other hallmark lesions of scrapie we compared the numbers of neurons, severity of vacuolation,(More)
Neurone damage and eventual loss may underlie the clinical signs of disease in the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Although neurone death appears to be through apoptosis, the trigger for this form of cell death in the TSEs is not known. Using two different murine scrapie models, hippocampal pyramidal cells were studied through(More)
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) belong to a group of diseases called the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Transmission studies in inbred mice (strain typing) provided overwhelming evidence that vCJD arose from BSE. In this study, we compare the patterns of neuropathology in a panel of(More)
Confocal analysis of dye-filled neurons has revealed a significant early loss of dendritic spines in a murine scrapie model in which neuron loss occurs in the hippocampus. An 18% loss of spines was found at 109 days, > 50 days before neuron loss occurs, and by 126 days a 51% spine loss was found. Spine loss is concurrent with synapse loss, axon terminal(More)
The National Science Foundation's Second Merit Criterion, or Broader Impacts Criterion (BIC), was introduced in 1997 as the result of an earlier Congressional movement to enhance the accountability and responsibility as well as the effectiveness of federally funded projects. We demonstrate that a robust understanding and appreciation of the NSF BIC argues(More)