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We studied the internal anal sphincter (IAS) muscle from 10 patients with achalasia and five normal controls using histochemical staining for NADPH-diaphorase and acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Normal control IAS muscle contained occasional AChE-positive nerve fibers, whereas IAS achalasia specimens demonstrated prominent AChE-positive nerve fibers in muscle(More)
BACKGROUND There is concern that the incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) will rise with increasing use of immunosuppressive therapy. AIMS Our aim was to determine the risk of NHL in a large cohort of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and to study the association between IBD, NHL, and immunosuppressive therapy. METHODS We studied 782(More)
Enterocolitis remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in Hirschsprung's disease. The aetiology of enterocolitis is uncertain-ischaemic and bacterial causes and recently, rotavirus infections, have been suggested. Bowel tissue from 12 patients with Hirschsprung's disease who underwent Swenson's operation (five of whom had clinical evidence of(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and endothelial selectin (E-selectin) on aortic valve endothelium in patients undergoing valve replacement. We also assessed the relation between serum levels and endothelial expression and also the changes in serum levels following(More)
Using a supplemental oxidation step, the authors modified the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) histochemistry technique of Karnovsky and Roots to produce staining of cholinergic nerve fibers in 10 minutes rather than in 2 hours, as required with the conventional AChE technique. They examined seromuscular intestinal biopsy specimens taken at three levels(More)
A left breast mass developed in association with pulmonary tuberculosis in a woman 26 years of age. Eight years later, rapidly fatal Hodgkin's Disease with chest wall erosion by involved mediastinal nodes simulating a breast lump developed. Subsequently, a discrete breast mass due to mammary Hodgkin's disease developed. Involvement of the breast by both(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide is the most important transmitter in non-adrenergic non-cholinergic nerves in the human gastrointestinal tract. Impaired nitrergic innervation has been described in Hirschsprung's disease, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, and intestinal neuronal dysplasia (IND). Recent findings indicate that hyperganglionosis, one of the major criteria(More)
The proximal margin of the resected bowel specimens from 33 consecutively treated patients undergoing a definitive pull-through operation for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) and control specimens consisting of suction rectal biopsy specimens obtained from 24 age-matched patients evaluated for constipation (and proven not to have HD) were examined using(More)
The etiology of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is not known. We made an immunocytochemical examination of pyloric muscle from 18 patients with HPS and 10 controls using specific monoclonal antibodies to neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) as well as neurofilament protein and NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry. In HPS, bundles of hypertrophic muscle(More)
The term "obstructive colitis" refers to ulceroinflammatory lesions occurring in the colon proximal to an obstructing or potentially obstructing lesion. We studied nine cases identified over a 9-month period. The patients were predominantly female (only one was male), elderly (mean age, 73), and usually had hypertension, diabetes, or other prior chronic(More)