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As part of a cluster randomised trial to assess an alternative model of cancer genetics services, we gathered data on all referrals from general practitioners (GPs) to cancer genetics services in South East Scotland over a 4-year period. The referral rate per 1000 patients rose by 48% from 0.21 in the 2-year period before the trial to 0.31 during the trial.(More)
This study compared the psychological impact of two models of breast cancer genetics services in South East Scotland. One hundred and seventy general practices were randomised to refer patients to the existing standard regional service or the novel community-based service. Participants completed postal questionnaires at baseline (n=373), 4 weeks (n=276) and(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent inflammation has been proposed to contribute to various stages in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Interleukin-6 receptor (IL6R) signalling propagates downstream inflammation cascades. To assess whether this pathway is causally relevant to coronary heart disease, we studied a functional genetic variant known to affect IL6R(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing demand for cancer genetics services has necessitated an urgent review of how these services are organized and, in particular, identification of an effective role for primary care. OBJECTIVES We aimed to assess the views of GPs on their role in cancer genetics services and their confidence in performing that role; to assess their(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify associations of fish consumption and long chain omega 3 fatty acids with risk of cerebrovascular disease for primary and secondary prevention. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Studies published before September 2012 identified through electronic searches using Medline, Embase, BIOSIS, and Science Citation(More)
There is a need to integrate primary- and secondary-care cancer genetic services, but the most appropriate model of service delivery remains unclear. This study reports patients' expectations of breast cancer genetic services and a comparison of their satisfaction with two service models. In the first model, risk assessment was carried out using mailed(More)
BACKGROUND Policies and practice in many sectors affect health. Health impact assessment (HIA) is a way to predict these health impacts, in order to recommend improvements in policies to improve health. There has been debate about appropriate methods for this work. The Scottish Executive funded the Scottish Needs Assessment Programme to conduct two pilot(More)
OBJECTIVE Health Impact Assessment (HIA) provides a method of predicting the health impacts of policies and activities, in order to recommend changes that would improve health. We piloted approaches to health impact assessment and made recommendations for its use as part of the planning and policy making processes in Scotland. DESIGN Two Health Impact(More)
BACKGROUND Previous Mendelian randomization studies have suggested that, while low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) and triglycerides are causally implicated in coronary artery disease (CAD) risk, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) may not be, with causal effect estimates compatible with the null. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The causal effects of(More)
CONTEXT Choline is a precursor of both betaine and acetylcholine and might, therefore, influence cardiovascular and cognitive outcomes. There has been concern, however, that it may influence blood lipid levels because it is an essential component of very-low-density lipoproteins. OBJECTIVE The aim was to systematically review, using PRISMA guidelines, the(More)