Donal B. Murphy

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Two monoclonal antibodies, Y-3P and Y-8P, specific for conventional mouse Ia glycoprotein antigens are described. Both were raised by repeated immunization of primed mice with activated T cells over a period of 1 yr, and both detect a new and broad public Ia specificity. Both of the antibodies react with I-A subregion-controlled A alpha:A beta complexes of(More)
MHC class I and class II molecules transport foreign and self peptides to the cell surface and present them to T lymphocytes. Detection of these peptide:MHC complexes has thus far been limited to analysis of the response of a T cell. Previously, we showed that a mAb, Y-Ae, reacts with 10 to 15% of class II molecules on peripheral B lymphocytes and on cells(More)
The repertoire of receptors expressed by peripheral T cells is the result of two selective events that occur during intrathymic development. Positive selection expands cells able to recognize foreign peptides presented by self MHC molecules, and negative selection eliminates cells reactive to self MHC molecules and associated self peptides. Chimaera studies(More)
Two dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of Non-Idet P-40 extracts and of specific Ia immunoprecipitates from [35S]methionine-labeled mouse spleen lymphocytes has revealed that the cell surface expression of some Ia antigens appears to be controlled by two genes. One locus, which maps in the I-A subregion, is probably the structural gene for an(More)
In an accompanying publication we show that a subpopulation of T lymphocytes, which includes allotype suppressor T cells, selectively expresses I-region determinants. In this report, we show that these determinants are controlled by a new locus, Ia-4. Unlike the classically defined Ia antigens, they are not found on B lymphocytes. Antibody against Ia-4(More)
Data presented here show that locidentify in the I-region of the H-2 gene complex are selectively expressed in different functional T-cell subpopulations. These loci are closely linked (or possibly identical) to loci that control immune responses. They control surface determinants which identify helper and suppressor T lymphocytes. Determinants described(More)
Lactoperoxidase-catalyzed cell surface radioiodination and incorporation of [3H]-leucine were employed to radiolabel H-2K and H-2D antigens of murine spleen cells. The fate of H-2 antigens was monitored by in vitro culture of labeled cells and isolation of labeled antigens from detergent lysates of the cells and culture supernates obtained at different(More)
Loci clustered in the I region of the murine H-2 gene complex control the capacity to generate an immune response against foreign antigens (Ir loci) and control differentiation antigens which appear to serve as structures used by cells to interact with and regulate one another (Ia loci). Both genetic and functional studies suggest that Ia antigens may be(More)
CD4 T cell clones have been shown to be functionally heterogeneous in the mouse. However, it is not known if normal CD4 T cells are also functionally heterogeneous, or whether functional specialization is a result of cloning and long-term culture. To approach this question, a monoclonal antibody reacting with a subset of CD4 T cells has been prepared by(More)