Dona M. Chikaraishi

Learn More
A CNS catecholaminergic cell line, Cath.a, was established by targeted oncogenesis in transgenic mice. Cath.a cells express neuronal properties but lack neuronal morphology. Here, we describe a variant of Cath.a, called CAD (Cath.a-differentiated), in which reversible morphological differentiation can be initiated by removal of serum or exogenously added(More)
Development of a culture system for mammalian olfactory epithelium has permitted the process of neurogenesis to be examined in vitro. Antibody markers allowing the unambiguous identification of putative neuroepithelial stem cells (keratin+ basal cells) and differentiated neurons (N-CAM+ olfactory receptor neurons) are described. In combination with(More)
There are at least two basal cell populations in the olfactory epithelium that could give rise to olfactory neurons during development, in the normal adult, and after experimentally induced receptor cell death. These populations have been subdivided as horizontal (HBC) and globose (GBC) basal cells on the basis of morphological criteria and by staining with(More)
Brain (CATH.a) and adrenal (PATH.1 and PATH.2) cell lines have been established that synthesize abundant dopamine and norepinephrine and express the appropriate catecholaminergic biosynthetic enzymes, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and dopamine beta-hydroxylase. The lines were derived from TH-positive tumors in transgenic mice carrying the SV40 T antigen(More)
Hypoxia is necessary for fetal development; however, excess hypoxia is detrimental. Hypoxia has been extensively studied in the near-term fetus, but less is known about earlier fetal effects. The purpose of this study was to determine the window of vulnerability to severe hypoxia, what organ system(s) is most sensitive, and why hypoxic fetuses die. We(More)
Catecholamine neurotransmitters are synthesized by hydroxylation of tyrosine to L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-Dopa) by tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). The elimination of TH in both pigmented and albino mice described here, like pigmented TH-null mice reported previously (Kobayashi et al., 1995; Zhou et al., 1995), demonstrates the unequivocal requirement for(More)
Treatment of a subclone of the PC12 pheochromocytoma cell line, PC8b, with either dexamethasone or 8-bromo cyclic AMP resulted in increased translational activity of tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA (mRNATH). Poly(A+)-containing RNA from cells treated with both inducers was used to construct a cDNA library. Double-stranded cDNA was inserted into the PstI site of(More)
In neurons and neuroendocrine cells, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene expression is induced by stimuli that elevate cAMP, by depolarization, and by hypoxia. Using these stimuli, we examined TH promoter mutants, cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation site mutants, and transcriptional interference with dominant negative transcription(More)
The separation between the cell bodies of olfactory receptor neurons in the nasal cavity and their axon terminals in the olfactory bulb make them attractive for studying axonal transport. Although high molecular weight RNAs are generally believed to be excluded from axons of mature neurons, we demonstrate here that mRNA for olfactory marker protein (OMP),(More)