Don Williamson

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Malaria parasites, and other parasitic protists of the Phylum Apicomplexa, carry a plastid-like genome with greatly reduced sequence complexity. This 35 kb DNA circle resembles the plastid DNA of non-photosynthetic plants, encoding almost exclusively components involved in gene expression. The complete gene map described here includes genes for duplicated(More)
Malaria and related apicomplexan parasites have two highly conserved organellar genomes: one is of plastid (pl) origin, and the other is mitochondrial (mt). The organization of both organellar DNA molecules from the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum has been determined, and they have been shown to be tightly packed with genes. The 35-kb circular(More)
1. Ketone-body utilization in fed and starved adult and suckling rats has been investigated by measuring arterio-venous differences across the brain. Venous blood was collected from the confluence of sinuses and arterial blood from the femoral artery in adult rats and by cardiac puncture in suckling rats. 2. During starvation the arterio-venous difference(More)
Mitochondrial DNA of the malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum comprises approximately 20 copies per cell of a 6 kb genome, arranged mainly as polydisperse linear concatemers. In synchronous blood cultures, initiation of mtDNA replication coincides with the start of the 4-5 doublings in nuclear DNA that mark the reproductive phase of the erythrocytic(More)
1. The activities of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase and lyase in rat liver were found to be two- to 15-fold greater than those reported by other authors under similar conditions. 2. When expressed on the basis of body weight, no appreciable differences were found between the activities of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase in whole homogenates of livers(More)
In common with other apicomplexan parasites, Plasmodium falciparum, a causative organism of human malaria, harbours a residual plastid derived from an ancient secondary endosymbiotic acquisition of an alga. The function of the 35 kb plastid genome is unknown, but its evolutionary origin and genetic content make it a likely target for chemotherapy. Pulsed(More)
Elongation factor 1alpha (EF-1alpha) is an abundant protein in eukaryotic cells, involved chiefly in translation of mRNA on the ribosomes, and is frequently encoded by more than one gene. Here we show the presence of two identical copies of the EF-1alpha gene in the genome of three malaria parasites, Plasmodium knowlesi, P. berghei and P. falciparum. They(More)