Don Westmacott

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The value of the FIC index as a predictor of synergy has been investigated using the antibacterial agents alafosfalin and cephalexin combined together with themselves in fully blind experiments. Under the conditions used, even weak interaction (FIC index 0.5-0.99) proved to be statistically highly significant. The use of such fully controlled blind studies(More)
Four cell lines of human (CCRF CEM and U266BL) or murine (L1210 and P388D1) origin, resistant to the anthracycline antibiotic Adriamycin (doxorubicin) were selected in vitro from cultured cells by serial passage in the presence of Adriamycin. The resistant sublines were also cross-resistant to Mitoxantrone, 4'-epi Adriamycin and a number of novel(More)
H7 has been described as a potent inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC) and has been widely used to investigate the regulatory role of this enzyme in intact cell systems. In this comparative study between H7 and the microbial alkaloid, staurosporine, we found that the former inhibited rat brain PKC and cAMP dependent protein kinase with IC50 values of 18 and(More)
Bacillus cereus 569 is known to be resistant to lysis by lysozyme because of the presence of deacetylated glucosamine residues in its peptidoglycan, and cultures continued to grow even in the presence of lysozyme at 200 microgram ml-1. However, lysozyme caused rupture of the chains of bacteria and promoted the rate of autolysis in a non-growing cell(More)
The biologic effects of a new potential disease-modifying antirheumatic drug, romazarit (Ro 31-3948, 2-[[2-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-methyl-5-oxazolyl]methoxy]-2-methylpropio nic acid), have been investigated. In a 5-day adjuvant arthritis model, romazarit inhibited the development of hindpaw inflammation with a minimum effective dose of 30 mg kg-1. Plasma levels(More)
Recombinant-derived human interleukin 1 (IL1) alpha and beta and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) each produced similar increases in rheumatoid synovial cell (RSC) glycolysis, as judged by increased values for glucose uptake, lactate production and cellular fructose 2,6-bisphosphate [Fru(2,6)P2]. Measurement of Fru(2,6)P2 proved to be the most sensitive(More)
Rhodopseudomonas palustris was chosen as a model organism for studying bacterial differentiation. Synchronous populations selected by sucrose gradient centrifugation yielded more than 95% swarmer cells. The appearance and disappearance of cell morphological groupings and the doubling of cell numbers in cultures of such swarmer populations were very well(More)