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The value of the FIC index as a predictor of synergy has been investigated using the antibacterial agents alafosfalin and cephalexin combined together with themselves in fully blind experiments. Under the conditions used, even weak interaction (FIC index 0.5-0.99) proved to be statistically highly significant. The use of such fully controlled blind studies(More)
Four cell lines of human (CCRF CEM and U266BL) or murine (L1210 and P388D1) origin, resistant to the anthracycline antibiotic Adriamycin (doxorubicin) were selected in vitro from cultured cells by serial passage in the presence of Adriamycin. The resistant sublines were also cross-resistant to Mitoxantrone, 4'-epi Adriamycin and a number of novel(More)
Rhodopseudomonas palustris was chosen as a model organism for studying bacterial differentiation. Synchronous populations selected by sucrose gradient centrifugation yielded more than 95% swarmer cells. The appearance and disappearance of cell morphological groupings and the doubling of cell numbers in cultures of such swarmer populations were very well(More)
H7 has been described as a potent inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC) and has been widely used to investigate the regulatory role of this enzyme in intact cell systems. In this comparative study between H7 and the microbial alkaloid, staurosporine, we found that the former inhibited rat brain PKC and cAMP dependent protein kinase with IC50 values of 18 and(More)
Phosphonopeptides based on aminomethylphosphonic acid as the C-terminal residue linked to L-amino acids possessed antibacterial activity in vitro and in vivo. Analogs in this series were generally less potent than corresponding compounds based on L-1-aminoethylphosphonic acid such as alafosfalin (L-alanyl-L-1-aminoethylphosphonic acid). Significant(More)
Solid-phase synthetic methods for biaryl-based compounds were developed resulting in the construction of two 1000-member libraries. Numerous compounds were identified by high-throughput screening using whole cell screens to exhibit anti-microbial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. A series of biaryl compounds containing natural and unnatural amino(More)
Recombinant-derived human interleukin 1 (IL1) alpha and beta and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) each produced similar increases in rheumatoid synovial cell (RSC) glycolysis, as judged by increased values for glucose uptake, lactate production and cellular fructose 2,6-bisphosphate [Fru(2,6)P2]. Measurement of Fru(2,6)P2 proved to be the most sensitive(More)