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Methylphenidate (MP) (Ritalin) is widely used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a chiral drug, marketed as the racemic mixture of d- and l-threo enantiomers. Our previous studies (PET and microdialysis) in humans, baboons, and rats confirm the notion that pharmacological specificity of MP resides predominantly in(More)
BACKGROUND This phase 2 study evaluated trebananib (AMG 386), an investigational peptide-Fc fusion protein that neutralises the interaction between angiopoietins-1/2 and the Tie2 receptor, plus FOLFIRI as second-line treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. METHODS Patients had adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum with progression within(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the utility of a modified calculation of the alveolar dead space fraction (Vd/Vt), combined with plasma D-dimers, to aid in the exclusion of acute pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS A prospective comparison of screening modalities was performed in a metropolitan teaching ED. Ambulatory patients evaluated for PE underwent simultaneous(More)
We present the case of a 51-year-old female who had a four-year history of Parkinson's disease with severe "on-off' and disabling progression of symptoms on chronic levodopa therapy. After obtaining FDA approval, we implanted a Medtronic deep brain stimulation lead stereotactically into the right anterior pallidum contralateral to her most symptomatologic(More)
Carbonyl reductase (CR) catalyzes the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-dependent reduction of several carbonyls. Anthracyclines used to treat cancer are reduced by CR at the C13 carbonyl and the resulting metabolites are implicated in the cardiotoxicity associated with anthracycline therapy. CR also is believed to have a role in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The sensitivity to the intoxicating effects of alcohol as well as its adverse medical consequences differ markedly among individuals, which reflects in part differences in alcohol's absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination (ADME) properties. The ADME of alcohol in the body and its relationship with alcohol's brain(More)
A series of indazole-dione derivatives were synthesized by the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of appropriate substituted benzoquinones or naphthoquinones and N-carboalkoxyamino diazopropane derivatives. These compounds were evaluated for their effects on human carbonyl reductase. Several of the analogs were found to serve as substrates for carbonyl(More)
Highly substituted, tethered alkyne dipolarophiles participate in the internal 2 + 3 cycloaddition with azomethine ylides generated by treatment of oxazolium salts with cyanide ion. Starting from oxazole 26, a sequence of N-methylation, cyanide addition, and electrocyclic ring opening of a 4-oxazoline intermediate affords the indoloquinone 31 in a one-pot(More)
The authors determined an unusual cause of renovascular hypertension in a 29-year-old man with the recent onset of hypertension and a history of intravenous substance abuse. Captopril renal scintigraphy (CRS) demonstrated bilateral renogram changes and a decrease in estimated global glomerular filtration rate. The abdominal aortogram failed to show renal(More)