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Are the different fatty acids mobilized into plasma in proportion to their concentrations in adipose tissue triglyceride? To answer this question, we fed weaning rabbits a special diet to label the fat stores with a variety of dietary fatty acids. The release of adipose tissue fatty acids into the plasma was then induced by ACTH-stimulated lipolysis. The(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid [22:6 omega 3; 22:6-(4,7,10,13,16,19)] is the major polyunsaturated fatty acid in the photoreceptor membranes of the retina and in cerebral gray matter. It must be obtained either from the diet or by synthesis from other omega 3 fatty acids, chiefly alpha-linolenic acid (18:3 omega 3). We tested the effect of dietary omega 3 fatty acid(More)
Rhesus monkeys given pre- and postnatal diets deficient in n-3 essential fatty acids develop low levels of docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3, DHA) in the cerebral cortex and retina and impaired visual function. This highly polyunsaturated fatty acid is an important component of retinal photoreceptors and brain synaptic membranes. To study the turnover of(More)
The Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS; also known as "RSH syndrome" [MIM 270400]) is an autosomal recessive multiple malformation syndrome due to a defect in cholesterol biosynthesis. Children with SLOS have elevated serum 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC) levels and typically have low serum cholesterol levels. On the basis of this biochemical abnormality, it has(More)
Our previous studies of rhesus monkeys showed that combined prenatal and postnatal n-3 fatty acid deficiency resulted in reduced visual acuity, abnormal retinal function, and low retina and brain docosahexaenoic acid content. We now report effects of n-3 fatty acid deficiency during intrauterine development only. Rhesus infants, born to mothers fed an n-3(More)
Adipose tissue is the chief reservoir of the essential fatty acids (n-3 and n-6). To study the incorporation of the dietary n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) (20:5) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (22:6), and a unique monounsaturated fatty acid, cetoleic acid (22:1n-11), into adipose tissue, rabbits were fed two different processed fish oils:(More)
Spermatozoa represent a tissue readily accessible for study after various exogenous perturbations. To characterize the lipid composition of monkey sperm and to establish a baseline from which dietary or pharmaceutical influences may then be evaluated, we collected semen samples from five rhesus monkeys by electroejaculation and analyzed the sperm for(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effect that different dietary fatty acids would have on the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue. Thirty adult rabbits were starved 3-4 wk to deplete adipose tissue stores. They were then refed five different fats (linseed, rapeseed, cocoa butter, palm, and safflower oils) to regain initial body weights.(More)
We hypothesized that the polyunsaturated fatty acids of the butterfly were probably derived from the diet and that there might be a great loss of body fat during metamorphosis. To substantiate these hypotheses, we analyzed the fatty acid composition and content of the diet, the larva, and the butterfly Morpho peleides. Both the diet and the tissues of the(More)
The Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is a multiple malformation/mental retardation syndrome caused by a deficiency of the enzyme 7-dehydrocholesterol Delta(7)-reductase. This enzyme converts 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC) to cholesterol in the last step in cholesterol biosynthesis. The pathology of this condition may result from two different factors: the(More)