Don S Forsyth

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Tributyltin, an organotin, is ubiquitous in the environment. The consumption of contaminated marine species leads to human dietary exposure to this compound. Tributyltin is an endocrine disruptor in many wildlife species and inhibits aromatase in mammalian placental and granulosa-like tumor cell lines. We investigated the effects of tributyltin chloride(More)
In the past furan had been found to form in foods during thermal processing. These findings and a recent classification of furan as a possible human carcinogen prompted us to develop a simple isotope dilution method for its determination in foods. We also investigated effects of furan volatility, sample matrix and partitioning of furan between water and fat(More)
A multiresidue method was developed to measure low levels of 8 fluoroquinolones (norfloxacin, ofloxacin, danofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, desethylene ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, sarafloxacin, and difloxacin) and 4 quinolones (oxolinic acid, flumequine, nalidixic acid, and piromidic acid). Method detection limits range from 0.1 ng/g for quinolones to 0.4 ng/g(More)
Mercury was detected in all analysed samples of swordfish, marlin, shark and tuna purchased from major supermarket outlets and fish retailers in three cities across Canada. Total mercury and methylmercury levels ranged up to 3845 and 2346 ng g(-1), respectively. Swordfish contained the highest levels, followed by shark, fresh/frozen tuna and marlin. Levels(More)
Tributyltin (TBT) is a biocide that contaminates human foodstuffs, especially shellfish. TBT is an endocrine disrupter, producing imposex in several marine gastropods. Previous studies showed that oral dosing of rat dams with TBT chloride leads to abnormal fetal and postnatal development. In this study, the tissue distribution and speciation of organotins(More)
Total mercury was measured in the edible portions of 244 selected fish and shellfish purchased in Canada at the retail level. By species, average mercury concentrations ranged from 0.011 microg g(-1) for oysters to 1.82 microg g(-1) for swordfish. The predatory fish contained the highest concentrations of mercury: swordfish (mean 1.82 microg g(-1), range(More)
Fish and shellfish retail samples (n = 122) were purchased from three Canadian cities in the winter of 2002 and analyzed for a total of 18 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners. The samples (salmon, trout, tilapia, Arctic char, mussels, oysters, shrimp, and crab) represented the range of fish and shellfish commercially available to Canadian(More)
There has been increasing concern over the contamination of drinking water and food with perchlorate. Studies have reported perchlorate in a variety of foods, including lettuce, milk, fruits, and juices. In this study, 150 food samples were analyzed by ion chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (IC-MS/MS) to determine the concentrations of perchlorate in(More)
This article covers challenges and trends in the determination of some major food chemical contaminants and allergens, which-among others-are being monitored by Health Canada's Food Directorate and for which background levels in food and human exposure are being analyzed and calculated. Eleven different contaminants/contaminant groups and allergens have(More)
Magnetotelluric and seismic data, collected during the MELT experiment at the southern East Pacific Rise, constrain the distribution of melt beneath this mid-ocean-ridge spreading centre and also the evolution of the oceanic lithosphere during its early cooling history. Here we focus on structures imaged at distances approximately 100 to 350 km east of the(More)