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Androgenic hormones mediate their effects on male sex differentiation and development through a high affinity receptor protein. We report here cloning of the complete coding sequence of the human androgen receptor (hAR). By sequence homology hAR is a member of the nuclear receptor family, with closest sequence identity to the progesterone,(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) mediates the actions of male sex steroids. Human AR genomic DNA was cloned from a flow-sorted human X chromosome library by using a consensus nucleotide sequence from the DNA-binding domain of the family of nuclear receptors. The AR gene was localized on the human X chromosome between the centromere and q13. Cloned complementary(More)
The testicular Sertoli cell produces an extracellular androgen-binding protein (ABP) that binds testosterone and dihydrotestosterone with high affinity. The ABP gene also encodes plasma sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), which is produced by the liver of most species. Unlike the human, adult rats and mice do not express SHBG. A 5.5-kb rat genomic DNA(More)
The rat androgen-binding protein/sex hormone-binding globulin (ABP/SHBG) gene in transgenic mice was previously shown to be specifically expressed in the testes. This study verifies a Sertoli cell location of ABP and translation of testicular ABP mRNA in the transgenic mice by dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-binding assays and immunohistochemistry. DHT-binding(More)
A composite androgen receptor DNA sequence 4,181 base pairs in length was determined from three cDNA clones isolated from a rat epididymal bacteriophage lambda gt11 library. An open reading frame of 902 amino acids encodes a protein of 98,227 mol wt. Structural domains characteristic of the steroid receptor family include an amino-terminal region with five(More)
Ribosomal RNA genes (rDNA) from Lytechinus variegatus were isolated by selective heat denaturation of main band DNA followed by single-strand specific nuclease (S1) treatment to remove the single-stranded DNA. After S1 nuclease treatment the partially purified fraction contained 10% rDNA, representing a 50-fold purification. Preparative CsCl centrifugation(More)
Histamine is a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and an important modulator of gastric acid secretion, vasomotor control, inflammation, and allergic reactions. In biological systems the formation of histamine from its precursor histidine is catalyzed by the enzyme L-histidine decarboxylase (HDC; L-histidine carboxy-lyase, EC 4.1.1.22). We have(More)
Despite over 20 years of research, the functions of ABP and SHBG remain elusive. The major reason for this lack of knowledge has been the unavailability of natural mutants with clinical defects for study. There is strong evidence that these binding proteins do act to modulate the gene regulatory actions of nuclear sex steroid receptors by controlling the(More)
Androgens and their nuclear receptor regulate genes necessary for development of the male phenotype, a process that is thought to be modulated by extracellular androgen carrier proteins. Two of these carrier proteins, testicular androgen-binding protein (ABP) and plasma sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), are encoded by the same gene, but differ in(More)
Androgen-binding protein (ABP) is a testicular Sertoli cell secretory protein that acts as a carrier of androgen in the male reproductive tract. ABP has been characterized from a wide range of animal species, including man, rabbit and rat. However, it has been widely accepted that mice do not produce testicular ABP. We have used immunological and molecular(More)